Martin Luther King, an unborn leader, propelled by grass-roots groups and buttressed by a black middle class that reflected the growing self-confidence of the black nation for the freedom and justice, the King in Volume III 1 emerged as an American David. Like his Biblical counterpart, the twenty-six-year-old preacher, with his newly minded doctorate in Systematic Theology from Boston University, did not seek the position of leadership preliminary of the newly formed Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) until, once called, he led the fight that eventually broke the backbone of the American racism in Alabama.
He was ready, to accept the leadership of the first great Negro nonviolent demonstration of contemporary times in the United States, abruptly a boycott was met by fury in Montgomery's white community and that brought national attention to the problem of segregation. King helped lead Montgomery's blacks on a yearlong nonviolent boycott of the bus system, the boycott ended after 382 days only when the U.S. Supreme Court intervened and declared Alabama's segregation laws unconstitutional on buses.
After the verdict of the Supreme Court, Negroes and whites rode the buses as equals. During these days of boycott, King was arrested, his home was bombed, he was subjected to personal abuse, but it was at that time he emerged as a Negro leader of the first rank.
Two events in January 1956-his arrest and incarceration for allegedly speeding and the bombing of his house-brought King's personal life into the larger context of Black America's struggle for justice and dignity. ...