StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Physics of sailing - Term Paper Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Physics of sailing

Introduction: Sailing refers to the act of controlling a vessel that is moving across a water body using the power of wing for propulsion. The act of successfully sailing a water vessel entails a lot of scientific principles worth studying. The scientific principles behind sailing vessels mostly consist of fluid mechanics phenomena of viscous fluids moving around fixed bodies (Anderson, 5). Various forces act on a sailing vessel that set it in motion and prevent it from sinking. Physics principles are used in the design of various parts of sailing vessels; therefore it is important to study the physics of sailing. This paper discusses the physics principles, including fluid mechanics that applies to sailing vessels and influences their design and operation. It reviews the forces acting on a sailing vessel and fluid mechanics of viscous fluids to detail the origin of the forces, lastly, various applications of the physics principles related to sailing a commercial uses of physics of sailing are presented and discussed. Theory: This section presents the theory behind physics of sailing. First, we start by looking at the fundamental terminology relate to sailing vessels. The main parts of a basic sailing vessel are shown in the diagram below: Hull: this is the main body of the vessel that makes a boat. It determines the basic performance characteristics of the vessel such as maximum speed and acceleration that the vessel can achieve. Also, the shape of the hull determines the resistance experienced by the vessel as it moves through water and as a result its acceleration and movement in low winds. The shape of the hull and the keel also determines the vessel’s stability which is critical to the performance of the vessel on different angles of sail (Anderson, 7). Hull speed formula: we can either describe a wave using a cosine of sine function. Using the sing function, the amplitude of the wave is 0 at the point of origin and its equation is given by: Where y is the wave’s height at a horizontal position x and A is the amplitude of the wave above the normal water surface. x is small near the origin, therefore: Sin (2?/?)x ? (2?/?)x y= A (2?/?) x the ratio of y to x is y/x = A(2?/?) As the wave passes, the general surface particle motion on the water wave is represented below: The wave’s speed through water is V; the speed of the surface particle moving in circular motion is U and the sum of the two speeds gives the net speed. Considering the type of motion involved, the ratio of the vertical speed to horizontal speed is u/v and is equal to the ratio of y to x, therefore, u/v = y/x = A(2?/?) Applying the law of conservation of energy to the surface motion of water, the two energies in this case are kinetic energy (mv^2/2) and gravitational potential energy (mgh). The energy equation is, H= 2A = the vertical distance between the crest and the trough. 2mgA = 2mvu gA= vu u= A(2?/?)v gA = A(2?/?)v^2 The speed of the surface wave, v is obtained as = This parameter is important for calculating the maximum speed of vessels among other situations. For instance, since waves of long wavelength travel faster than those of shorter wavelength, they take a shorter time to reach the shoreline. Sailors recognize that an impending storm is signaled by long waves and the storms always originate from where the waves are coming. In addition, long-wavelength waves ...Show more


Name Tutor Institution Subject code Date or submission Physics of Sailing Abstract This paper discusses the physics of sailing and its applications. First, we introduce the subject of physics of sailing. A theoretical background of the physics principles used in sailing vessels is explored including various applications of the subject…
Author : eliezer97
Physics of sailing essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the term paper on your topic
"Physics of sailing"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Physical Science
Nonliving things can also be found in nature. Water and earth, for example, are nonliving things which can be readily found in almost all parts of the natural environment. The physical sciences have been created for the specific purpose of gathering and organizing knowledge about the nonliving natural world (Hewitt, Suchocki and Hewitt 8).
3 pages (750 words) Term Paper
Restaurant Concept Project
town region of San Jose, California. “Sailing Boat” is the symbol of the traditional Hong Kong “junk” ships which are a symbol of the old traditions of the port city. Hong Kong is famous by importing and exporting products, and the “junk” ships are still found there today, though not often in the same ornamental styles as the traditional vessels.
12 pages (3000 words) Term Paper
Pick an art work that is influenced by chemistry of physics
He stated that if artists create the right atmosphere and eons that depict particular time, they could create beams of people that have the behaviour of waves. Julian Vos-Andreae is one of the artists who applied this theory in his works, quantum objects.
3 pages (750 words) Term Paper
The first voyage of columbus
He confronted several leaders of several countries in Europe after several years of study support his findings financially. In the year 1492 in august, his plea to fund his voyage was accepted by the king and queen of Spain and this made Columbus sail off the port of Palos in Spain alongside 88men with three ships, namely the Pinta, the Nina, and the Santa Maria (Herring 81).
6 pages (1500 words) Term Paper
Physics of cheerleading
Hewitt, Paul and Wolf (2008, p 134) defines cheerleading as a physical activity involving dancing, jumping, cheering and stunting which aims at drawing attention of spectators in a particular event to applaud on sports team in a game or competition. It is estimated that in the United States, cheerleading is the predominant activity which range for about three minutes.
4 pages (1000 words) Term Paper
How did major discoveries in physics change the course of chemistry and interpretations of the discoveries
Hence, prompting to the emergence of numerous integrations of already discovered theories together with other fields like philosophy and physics. Mainly, philosophy and physics fields in this case usually try to question the validity as well as authenticity of certain theories, which up to date have contributed to the raising of other essential questions.
11 pages (2750 words) Term Paper
Aristotle's Physics 2.1
He posits a philosophy where the world of forms (eidos) and ideas are mirrored in the physical world through the objects of existence, the transitional portion of this duality being Matter and substance (ouisa). Subsequently, I will also contrast Aristotle’s
6 pages (1500 words) Term Paper
Pick an art work that is influenced by chemistry of physics
Julian Vos-Andreae is one of the artists who applied this theory in his works, quantum objects. Quantum Man is a sculpture that was produced by Julian Vos-Andreae
3 pages (750 words) Term Paper
Physics of cheerleading
It is a jump which combines force and velocity of the body acting against gravity in a vertical motion. The cheerleader is expected to be a specialist on rotational physics in that when
5 pages (1250 words) Term Paper
Heat Energy and Climate Change
seful in industrial set ups such as in geothermal electricity generation, its effects environmental effects of global warming that also extend to health effects are evident. An understanding of heat mechanism, heat and mechanical work, and mechanisms of heat transfer is
2 pages (500 words) Term Paper
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us