Additionally, majority of general election in the US follow plurality system, where candidates require winning a seat in the parliament. In order to win seat, a candidate must have majority of votes from the citizens. Traditionally, in American political system, voters used to cast ballots; however, the arrival of neutral ballots permitted voters to select singular candidates rather than a political party. The chapter states that Americans do not vote directly for presidential candidates; rather, they select voters who are vowed to support presidential candidates. The election campaigns are also a vital part of American politics. It is closely related with the subject of political science. It involves supporters to assist candidates by raising funds and creating public acknowledgement. Administration of campaign is also related with a significant amount of fund. The funds for campaign are usually sponsored by small and direct contributions along with candidate’s individual resources. The finance on campaigning activities is also controlled by the ‘Federal Election Campaign Act’. In particular, American electoral procedure is characterized by campaigns and thereby less affluent political groups might possess low authority in the political system (Ginsberg, Lowi, Weir and Tolbert 354-399).
The 12th chapter of the book is based on ‘Congress’. Congress is the most important political representative institution of America. Every member of the congress has primary responsibility to the district, constituency and residents. In American political history, Congress, Democrats and Republicans meet in order to choose the leader. Furthermore, congress comprises two houses, the Senate and the House of Representatives. The leader of party that gained most of the votes is elected as speaker of House of Representative. The reading component is strongly associated with the subject of political science, as in the US,