ears after the unification, the country’s leaders faced the primary challenge of exercising a foreign policy founded upon long-term dedication to multilateral associations and avoidance of military force. German leaders also bore the responsibility of fostering the country’s global proclivity, in order to ensure that it cooperated with allied international affiliates in confronting emergent threats to security. Germany’s aversion to aggressive military tactics and adoption of multilateralism are the key attributes that characterize its post-unification foreign and security agenda, which continues to evolve, as the world’s political environment transforms continually.
Following the 1990 unification, German leaders sought to fulfill two of the nation’s principal interests. One of these interests was to foster reconciliation of enemies made during the Second World and Cold Wars, as well as, in the aftermath of the division. The other primary interest was to ensure that the country gained legitimate acceptance on the international economic and political platform. Strong dedication to multilateral structures and integration into the same, coupled with avoidance of active military involvement, was perceived to be the best approach towards meeting the aforementioned interests. Consequently, Germany formulated a foreign policy based entirely on civilian power and multilateralism. This implies that following unification, Germany refrained from deploying its military forces to support allied forces in various conflicts, but instead sought to uphold its role as a neutral in-between. However, this foreign policy and security approach gradually evolved, as Germany started deploying its forces to engage in various UN missions. In the year 1994, the German government issued a legal clarification that these deployments solely depended upon parliament’s approval, hence stressing the democratic process linked to such decision making (Green, Hough, and Miskimmon