In the absence of the separation of power, the UK parliament works in tandem with both the executive and the judiciary. In Britain, the Parliament serves as the main legislative body. It has supreme and enormous power; however, it is not the sole legislative wing of the government.
The British Parliament is unique in the sense that it is composed of a king and two houses i.e. lower and upper houses. The former is normally called the House of Commons while the latter is known as the House of Lords and serves as a symbol of aristocracy. The lower house, on the other hand, is a representative of the people. In terms of composition, the upper house is bigger, however, in terms of power and function; the lower house commands a huge influence (Patterson & Mughan, 1999).
The Upper House does not have a fixed number of members. On average, however, the house has over 1100 members but this number varies from time to time following deaths and the creation of new peers. The Upper House is a permanent chamber in which its peer office holders often remain there for their entire life. The members of this house are grouped into the following distinct categories. The categories include Princes of the Royal Blood, Hereditary Peers, Representative Peers of Scotland and Lords of Appeal in Ordinary of Law Lords. In addition, there are Lords Spiritual, Representative Peers of Ireland and Life Peers (Carmichael & Dickson, 1999).
Initially, the UK parliament worked simply as an advisory body of the Monarch and did not have any legislative power. Over time, however, things changed, and parliament became more assertive concerning power and authority. Having gained more power, the struggle over which of the two houses should have more power emerged. However, this was solved following the passage of the Parliamentary Act of 1911. The act abolished the power of the Lords to amend a bill and curtailed the powers of the Upper House in the law making process (Cowley & Stuart, 2001).