An example is in the business world, politics, and social media among other fields. This brings a contrast in the societal expectation of women and their traditional role as mothers. Somehow, most women have managed to balance these roles and deliver in both fields. However, this transition from tradition to modernity is yet to be smooth. Career mothers are described as neglectful of their families and also as selfish when they work hard to achieve their goals in their respective careers. On the other hand, career women who do not work as hard in their careers face under achieving in their careers. Women who stay at home are sometimes perceived as lazy and extremely boring. This poses the question of the role of women in the society.
The three trends that create a major challenge to the intensive mothering ideology according to Cherlin include divorce, same sex unions and immigration. These trends will be discussed in details, in the following paragraphs, illustrating their role in damaging the ideology of intensive mothering and parenting in general.
Same sex unions were unheard of in the past years. However, westernization and the introduction of rights of all humans irrespective of their moral positions has brought with it a new era of cultures. It is now acceptable for lesbians and gays to wed and live together. States that have legalized such marriages include Iowa, New Hampshire and Massachusetts among others. Just like any normal marriage, same sex marriages also have the need to establish families, where they adopt children. This has greatly challenged the role of mothers. In some states, these marriages are not legal, and so most gays and lesbians cohabit with their partners. Some of these arrangements involve children. When such arrangements come to an end, the children are frustrated by the changes and movements involved in the process.