This paper however seeks to discuss the kind of information that underwater archaeology provides that traditional excavation on land cannot. The paper will also discuss what the Ulu Burun or Kaş shipwreck say about trade and the distribution of commodities in the Late Bronze Age.
Underwater archeology provides much information that is not available in the traditional land excavation. Underwater archeology provides information on the remains on cargoes and ships, and even organic materials, which are better preserved under water or in the sediments at the bottom. Underwater archeology also provides information on shipwrecks which were initially beyond the reach of salvage and human intervention. For instance, Corinth established its territorial boundaries by making Perachora into Corinthian sanctuary, and denied this harbor to Megara, its neighbors. This shows than underwater archeology would help in getting information from this harbor which traditional excavation of land cannot (Whitley 150). This creates capsules. Underwater archeology, because of water, is a preservative protecting perishable items and wood. It also provides information on sunken boats or ships which are reached by very experienced divers. This protects such sites from random digging. Underwater archeology can provide information on a broad range of questions that are not available through terrestrial means, from constructions of ship to reactions to trade networks to environmental changes. Even in the ancient periods, water was the most cost effective means of transport for moving goods in bulk. This has resulted into the necessity to examine water transport, underwater archeology (Muckelroy 10).
Typically, underwater archeology costs a great deal more than the traditional excavation on land. This is because of the ease of excavation and access of unique remains not available on land. Underwater archeology also has a