Three insightful essays in particular help to capture the unresolved American feelings Mark Twain exhibits in his work The War Prayer. An essay by former Louisiana Tech English professor Gary Sloan details the American author’s absolute contempt of Christianity, and it’s deep rooted ties to American politics. Another equally eye opening essay by David Caplan, “That Grotesque and Laughable Word,” exposes the wide and varying opinions among Americans as to what the American definition and application of the word Patriotism was in Twain’s time, is today, and should be in the future. Lastly, a quieter article by David Zmijewski first published in the Hawaiian Journal of History, helps to glimpse a rare and seemingly contradictory side of Mark Twain. Caught in a moral quandary Twain is shown in written correspondence with American elected officials suggesting the urgent need for America to annex and acquire Hawaii; and to begin showing a stronger military presence in the Sandwich, and Philippine Islands.