"The Gift of a Cow" by Godaa

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'Godaan- The Gift of a Cow' is a classical novel written by Munshi Premchand. He depicted the moving picture of Indian village life in northern part across the river Ganges in the 19th and early 20th century when British ruled India and the country was in the grip of traditions and colonial rules.


The only solution to come out of the social and economic rut is to give away to Brahmins maximum in charity. Godaan is sequel to that sermon only through which people were made to believe that 'gifting of a cow made by a devout Hindus to a Brahmin at the time of death can bring about salvation to the dying person. In fact, the motive behind inculcation of blind belief in the minds of poor and ignorant people was to secure forever the charity for Brahmins that sustained their living without much effort. This triangle of Sin-Social Bondage-Salvation continued unchallenged for long and the upper caste strata of the society ruled over the common people with ease. The upper class section of the society formed village council in which the headmen and the members were from higher castes that controlled the village administration and economy with the active co-operation and polity of the colonial rule. The colonial rule had only one interest to recover the maximum revenue from the peasants through the upper caste leaders
Premchand, the author of this novel selected a small village in Awadh to depict this unpleasant social scenario. His hero is a poor small-time tenant and farmer Hori and his family. ...
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