A developed nation like Sweden doesn’t depend on labor intensive force when carrying out its engineering projects. It has invested massively in designing programmed machinery that work quicker and appropriately. The degree of freedom (DOF) of such equipment is multifaceted: translational, rotary, and angular. Invention and Creation of an Automated Manufacturing System Scientists, programmers and engineers came up together with an idea of automating manufacturing processes by integrating various systems. Two chief components were drawn in to create this system namely: the computer and the machine accessories. A simple automated manufacturing system consists of the following components: A computer structure (CAD system joined to a machine management/control set-up via a transmission BUS cables), servo-mechanical motors, data cables and working heads. This simple set up has changed the world completely and can work where humans are not able to operate. A good example is the recent Gulf of Mexico oil spill where special under-sea robots were sent to seal the bust duct. Following instructions and commands from a ship above the robots worked on damaged section of the rig. If it were not for the said machines, immense damage would have been meted on the ecosystem eventually affecting the whole globe. This is what is referred to as the power of automated engineering as it leaves anybody who comes across it taken aback. Operation and Control of an Automated Manufacturing Systems An article to be worked on by an automatic process doesn’t come into contact with humans once set. At advanced levels the setting is done by the machine itself with the help of robotic arms. The heart of an automated system is the computer unit. The computer system has three main sections as described above on the composition of a Computer Aided Manufacturing System (CAMS). Engineers come up with a design they want to create on the real physical object. Some designs are intricate and a conventional draughtsman is unable to handle. A higher level of intelligence is required for such a task. Using software that have been created for design purposes such as inventor, AutoCAD, mechanical desktop, solid works etcetera, a three or two dimensional object is generated. This item is saved in the memory of the computer system in softcopy version as a file. Additionally, programmers do the vital work of designing a step by step command system that is procedural as far as the works will be concerned. The programs can be altered to ensure best results are achieved. Besides, vector analysis and dimensional controls are considered in creation of a complete automated process. This is referred to as Vector/Dimensional Automation. The sole function of the computer design system is to relay coordinate commands information to the machine control section. A special BUS or jumper cable is used to pass this information between the two units. The servos are connected to the machine control output. Therefore, an input from the Computer Design System is interpreted and analyzed here for further processing. The process of digesting this information is aided by Programmable Logic Circuits (PLCs) (Hugh 2007). They are logical circuits that work on information sequentially. After examination, an output is dispatched to the servos for execution. The servo control is Polar oriented in X, Y and
Name University, Design Technology, 8th December, 2012 Automated Manufacturing process and system Introduction Engineering has made lives easier across the globe because of momentous and amazing creations that are coming up every day. The 21st century engineering operations differ conspicuously with the 1900s activities that had lots of defects…
It is the main concern of the following paper to explain a decomposition diagram and what it is used for. This research is governed by the following research question, which will aid in attaining objectives and aim of the research: How can a decomposition diagram be used in the logical process formulation?
tion Systems 22 Conclusion 23 Works Cited 24 Abstract At the present, the majority of business organizations heavily rely on the huge volume of data and information. These sets of data and information are collected from a wide variety of sources. In fact, the day-to-day functions of an organization are based on these sets of data.
The author states that there are several steps involved in the manufacturing process of concrete including material selection and preparation of cement, mixing, and transportation to the site or compacting, curing and quality control. The process of concrete manufacturing follows these steps after which it becomes ready to use for the construction.
Automation, as defined by Moray, Inagaki and Itoh (2000, Para. 1), “is any sensing, detection, information processing, decision-making, or control action that could be performed by humans but is actually performed by machine.” Therefore, automation involves changing the way people do work and thus affects operations management.
Similarly, anodization occurs when a positive external bias is directly applied to the substrate. In the configurations of most plasma reactors, silicon dioxide layer and silicon are generally exposed to reactive electrons, ions, atomic oxygen agencies, deep-UV and radiation from X-ray during the process of oxidation.
Manpower is not necessarily relied on as much. This cuts back the worry of human error, but it also causes job loss in companies. Furthermore, not all employees welcome the idea of machines, because it does mean that they
This has put manufacturing processes in high stress to survive in the international competition. In manufacturing processes, there is high requirement for development of new processes, workflows and workplaces which would generate
Dahotre and Harimkar (2008) define laser cutting as a two dimensional process of machining in which the removal of the material is obtained by directing a strong laser beam on the workpiece. The heat produced by the laser beam consequently vaporizes or melts the
The same has provide light regarding the importance of piggybacking into transmission SCADA systems. SCADA refers to a system that operate with coded signals usually over communications channels in order to deliver remote equipment control. It