Merited or not, private school students are more frequently accepted to Ivy League colleges and statistically earn a higher income following college than public school students do. But, it has often been argued that public school students are better adjusted, and more prepared to navigate an increasingly exigent work force. In order to separate the fact from fiction, one must dig at the roots of the debate.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, America's Ivy League schools were brimming with the offspring of the social elite. College freshmen could expect to find themselves among the ranks of private school graduates from Andover, St. Paul's, and Exeter to name a few. But, during the twentieth century, the best universities made an effort to make their institutions more diverse and socially inclusive. The Scholastic Achievement Test (SAT) helped level the playing field but also exposed achievement gaps and difficulties within the public school system. At the close of the twentieth century, private school graduates still had the upper hand in regards to college acceptance and higher paying jobs.