This essay, Enrolment and Placement in Special Education, seeks to examine the trend of enrolment and placement in special education in Australia and seek to find the strength and weaknesses of the special education policy and how it can be improved…
In countries such as the United States, there are national policies such as the Individual with Disabilities Education Act and The Rehabilitation Act. For instance Page 118 STAT. 2649 of the Rehabilitation Act states that the Act is a “policy of ensuring equality of opportunity, full participation, independent living, and economic self-sufficiency for individuals with disabilities” (U.S Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services, 2007). In a similar relation, Australia also has Acts that promote the improvement of special education as seen in the mission statement of the Australian Association of Special Education. This not withstanding, there have been some few hitches with the implementation of the Special Education Acts in Australia. A provider of services to people who are blind or have low vision, Vision Australia indicates in a Review of Special Education Services in ACT Public Schools discussion paper states that some parents of the disabled are not pleased with the public schools system and therefore switch to join individualized programs (Renee and Sue, 2009). Trend of enrolment and placement in special education In Australia, special education is regarded as the education that “covers the education of children with particular needs” (AUSSIE Educator, 2011). Enrolment and placement into special education targets “students who exhibit special requirements in the areas of behaviour disorders and learning, physical, hearing or vision impairment” (AUSSIE Educator, 2011) whiles treating gifted students with special abilities separately. This means that gifted students are not included in the enrolment and placement when talking...
From this essay it is clear that special education in Australia is treated with a lot of attention and concern. To this effect, there are governmental policies and laws that back it. There are also a number of associations that ensure the smooth running of the special education program. One of such recognized associations is the Australian Association of Special Education (AASE). The AASE aims to enhance access for students with special education, improve the quality of educational programs, promote professional standards of a high order and to support research that informs the delivery of special education in the Australian context.This discussion stresses that in Australia, special education is regarded as the education that “covers the education of children with particular needs”. Enrolment and placement into special education targets “students who exhibit special requirements in the areas of behaviour disorders and learning, physical, hearing or vision impairment” whiles treating gifted students with special abilities separately. This means that gifted students are not included in the enrolment and placement when talking about special education. Enrolment and placement takes two major forms, which are integration into regular schools and separation into special schools. In cases where special needs students are enrolled in regular schools, the school system is forced to cut down on admission to make classes have smaller numbers of students. ...
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