Research evidence seems to indicate the problem may be one of inappropriate measurement methods; however, a more detailed examination of American secondary schools indicates that although measurement methods might negatively affect our estimates about how much high schools are failing students, an underlying problem still exists and it needs to be corrected. This underlying problem with secondary schools is one that revolves around the concept of accountability, and a number of issues emerge from unaccountable schools. An important consideration to make when considering the success or failure of American secondary schools is the statistics involved with either side of the argument. A graduation rate is a good indicator of whether a specific school is successfully educating and preparing its students. Therefore, it is essential to see whether the statistical measurements of graduation are actually correct or not. Swanson (analyzes American graduation rates across the country, and offers a resource for better evaluating and measuring the graduation crisis. The analysis points to a clear role for public policy in improving the conditions and environmental circumstances in which American secondary schools operate. An important consequence of this is that “the findings here do tell us that there is a strong and very detrimental linkage between graduation rates and the environmental conditions that go along with factors like poverty and segregation” (Swanson, 2003, p. 35). Accordingly, the author of this report is convinced that incorrect concepts of graduation rates leads to incorrect views (and incorrect solutions) of the educational crisis. That is, by identifying the environmental circumstances surrounding failing schools, officials can be better prepared with “better knowledge” about how to fix the problem. However, ascribing poor graduation rates to environmental circumstances (such as poverty and segregation) is a point of view that moves responsibility for failings away from the schools themselves. Swanson (2003) is suggesting that the only solutions to the graduation crisis can only come from successful interventions, which implies that internal changes to schools is not an effective strategy. But studies such as Chiang (2009) indicate that accountability pressure, which is defined as the “threat of sanctions on low-performing schools,” is not an effective tool when schools are able to manipulate the accountability system. Referencing claims like those made by Swanson (2003), Chiang (2009) argues that accountability systems within schools properly constructed and maintained make educational reforms more likely to generate test score gains. So, even if in fact American secondary schools are failing their students in terms of the students’ long-term benefits, improved accountability systems within schools will lessen the impact of environmental circumstances that decrease student performance. For instance, in some cases, sanction threats prompted schools to increase spending on instructional technology, which improved student performance. Knowing that accountability is the best solution for making sure secondary schools do not fail their students, one might compare that result with additional studies where accountability is a problem
The question of whether high schools are failing as institutions has critically important implications for the future of individual communities and the nation as a whole. Extensive research attention has been devoted to detailing the extent to which American secondary schools are inadequately preparing students for post-secondary education and their future careers…
Race to the Top focuses on four areas—or "assurances"—that each state is expected to include in its application for grant money. Those assurances include: improving the quality of teachers and the distribution of excellent teachers;
More than a quarter of the students do not complete their high school education with a majority being Hispanic and Black students. In addition, more than 80 percent of the students only speak English while more than fifty percent fail in college-ready standards.
The social structure of the United Kingdom is historically directed by the element of social class. The UK society like many other developed countries was historically divided into caste system which was characterized by marriages within the same societal group and hereditary characterized by transmission of social status, occupation and political influence which will be disscused in the paper.
At the current trend, English has the potential to become a minority language in America by the year 2050 (Crawford, 2005). However, these figures need to be taken into context with the fact that the number of ethnic students who also speak English very well is also on the rise.
Crucial to the development of social cohesion within a pluralist nation are educational policies and practices that strive to extend discourse on continuing inequalities and exclusion within the education system (Department of Education & Science, 2006).
According to this report since the advent of the global economic crisis, the educational system of the United States has been faced with budget cuts and economic compromises that have consequently reduced the quality of education of college and even high school graduates, so it will be discussed in this paper.
There are several benefits that can be attributed to these systems. However, tracking has a flip side. This paper will focus on exploring the benefits of tracking compared with its demerits. It will also serve to elaborate how tracking affects the pertinent
at codification is the act of converting knowledge in a format that is easily accessible to those in need of it by rendering it as compressively, formally and explicitly as it possible (Davenport 1994, p.121). In the 21st century in which a majority of the human activities are
The decision makers can also own up to those decisions that they make. The initiatives done have a core goal of alleviating the problems to the people. All the functions and actions done are a subject to oversight, and the implementing parties are answerable to their