The Local Authorities also put up adoption services both for children put up for adoption willingly and those becoming accessible for adoption through Court proceedings. The plain legal principle in all public and private proceedings regarding children, under the Children Act 1989, is that the welfare of the child is paramount. In acknowledgment of attachment issues, social work good practice necessitates a minimal number of moves and the 1989 Children Act preserves the principle that delay is unfavorable to a childs welfare. Care proceedings have a time limit of 40 weeks and simultaneous planning is required. The final Care Plan set forth by the Local Authority is required to deliver a plan for permanence, whether with parents, long-term foster parents, family members or adopters. However, drift and multiple placements still arise as many older children are hard to place or maintain in placements. The role of Independent Visitor, a voluntary post, was invented in the United Kingdom under the 1989 Children Act to befriend and assist children and young people in care.
In England, Scotland and Wales there never has been a legislative obligation to report alleged child abuse to the Police. However both the Children Act 1989 and 2004 makes clear a statutory responsibility on all professionals to report suspected child abuse. The statutory guidance Working Together to Safeguard Children 2006 invented the role of Local Authority Designated Officer, "LADO". This officer is responsible for handling allegations of abuse against adults who work with children (Teachers, Social Workers, Church leaders, Youth Workers etc.).
Local Safeguarding Children Boards (LSCBs) are responsible for ensuring agencies and professionals, in their area, effectually safeguard and promote the welfare of children. In the occasion of death or serious injury of a child, LSCBs can start a Stern Case Review aimed at classifying agency failings and improving future practice. The planned ...Show more