Considerable manifestations of policy and power are usually apparent when things remain the same or when issues are not discussed or are intentionally suppressed. This way, policy can be expressed in silence, intentional or unplanned.
Policy is whatever institutes, firms, and governments have arranged to do during a particular period. According to Colebatch (2009), policy is a term that can be employed in various circumstances and by diverse groups to justify what governs them in the way they think about what the world should be and how they should act. Colebatch has gathered a number of definitions of policy: use of power to attain objectives; a purposive path of action; a predictable program of objectives, values and practices; a path of action by government aimed to attain particular outcomes. An important thing is that a policy ought to have an objective. Colebatch (2009) claims that policy articulates itself in three manners: order, authority, and expertise.
Hogwood and Gunn (1984) suggested numerous meanings for policy concept more than 20 years ago (as cited in Potucek & Vass, 2003). Their argument is that the concept of policy is variously employed to express a label for a field of activity, such as education policy as an expression of a broad function, as a program, and as both output and result. On the other hand, Wedel and others (2005), as cited in Rizvi and Lingard (2010), have suggested that policy refers to “a field of activity, such as education policy” (p. 4). They claim it is a particular proposal, government legislation, a general program and what governments attain. Consequently, a public policy defines the actions and positions taken by the state consisting of a range of institutions sharing the crucial features of authority and collectivity. According to the dictionary, policy refers to principles, directions and rules created or adopted by an institution to attain its prolonged goals.
Policy is usually identical with decisions, ...
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Public policy can, therefore, be defined as a system of laws, regulations, courses of action, and financing priorities concerning a given topic put in place by a government entity or its appointees, and is usually adopted and implemented by the general public, and the authorities put in place to enforce them.
To this end, Slack (2011) explains that “Policies are developed in response to the existence of a perceived problem or an opportunity; they never exist in a vacuum.” This concludes therefore that a nation or an institution without a policy cannot be run successfully and that such a nation or institution is being governed like someone, walking in the dark – such a person has no guidelines.
Externalities affect the third party either positivity or negatively, depending on the outcome. Though they have little to control some of these activities, they end up paying for the cost and at times enjoy the benefits that are accrued from these activities.
The need for such analysis is greater than ever during these times of:
High and unwanted levels of immigration, like the case for Texas where the aliens have a greater role in the economic sector, these are both, documented and undocumented, and so there is a controversy over denying state-funded basic services to un-documented aliens.
health and man’s welfare .In addition, was to enable us understand the value of ecological systems as well as natural resources that are of great importance to the Nation and the world at large.
The policy recognizes the interrelationship among the components of
be increased, which is a factor that will ensure improved quality care to the patients, as well as a reduction in the workload that a single nurse is subjected to currently (Dolliinger, 2013). For this reason, nursing activism is necessary for pushing for reforms that will
In addition, the department promotes agricultural trade both locally and internationally, develops and monitors programs on food safety as well as protecting natural resources in the country.
Food safety has become an issue of concern to most people and
Institutions desire to bump into meeting the expectation of students’ and that of employees both in the present and in the forthcoming future. To meet the exceptional educational requirements, the academic institutions must strive in developing policies that are
As the assistant director of the company, I have come up with a policy of issuing cell phones to every group home in the facility. Cell phones will help in improving communication between the various groups and hence more
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