Scientific theory is usually objective, while the constructivist approach is mostly subjective. This paper aims to identify the ways in which the study would have been different if the researchers had taken the scientific theory or positivist approach as opposed to the constructivist approach used. This difference will be identified by focusing on the epistemology, ontology, methodology and the effects of the theory on the data generated and inferences used.
According to Gialdino (2009), epistemology is the approach that the researcher takes to the study based on the theory being used. As already identified, scientific theory usually takes on the objective construct, while constructivist paradigms usually involve subjectivity. The objectivity or subjectivity of the researcher is the epistemology of the research. In the case of Swain and Hammond (2011), it is evident that the research took a subjective view, which means that the researchers used the constructivist approach. In this case, if the researchers had taken the scientific approach, the research would have been different. In the scientific approach, the researchers remain objective and try to eliminate bias from the research.
The ontology of research is a concept that deals with the relationships between different aspects of the society, and is different in both scientific and constructionist approaches (Hein, 1991). In the constructionist approach, researchers consider that there is no true knowledge, that knowledge is interpreted differently by different individuals. Since the constructionist approach is usually qualitative, it differs from scientific research in its ontology. If the research by Swain and Hammond (2011) had taken a scientific approach, the ontology would have been differentiated. Scientific or positivist paradigms use knowledge as the goal of ...
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Therefore, this research is explanatory in nature, and involves analysis of information to establish relationships between shareholders and their rights. Through the analysis of data on shareholder behavior for the three study environments, and analysis of the legal ramifications at their disposal, the research will draw comparisons for the two countries to make arrive at a definite conclusion to the research.
For the sake of providing the best understanding, it will be appropriate to recap important elements of the research in order to make the research methodology meaningful. They following phases represent the objectives at hand: 3.1.1 Phase 1 To provide an understanding of the main objective of teaching and maintaining art in the curriculum of students in Iraq.
More specifically, the design will relate to our research problems and issues and assist us in coming up with efficient answers to our research problems. The design will attempt to answer the questions what are the assumptions, how are we going to conduct our study and the justifications for the choice of the research method.
The company wanted to create all round diversity pertaining to make all round advancement in delivering its services in an effective manner. Additionally, the company also wanted to define the user requirements and planned to build mission-critical IT solutions that can be effectively and successfully utilized to meet the broad requirements in a stipulated-time along with fixed-price.
(3) To analyse and evaluate the data collected to find the answer(s) to the research aim as to whether mainstreaming is the best option, or if there are better alternatives, and the different conditions for the effectiveness of these alternatives.
Positivism recognizes "working with an observable social reality and that the end product of such research can be law-like generalisations similar to those produced by the physical and natural scientists" (Remenyi et al., 1998, cited in Saunders et al., 2003, p.83).
used in the study comprises a mixture of both the “phenomenological paradigm” which is also referred to as a “qualitative” approach, and the “positivistic paradigm” also known as the “quantitative” approach (Collis & Hussey, 2003, p. 47).
Content analysis is defined as a method of analysing written, verbal or visual communication messages (Cole 1988). Krippendorff (2004) defined content analysis as a systematic, replicable method used to compress many words of text into fewer content
stand the symmetric and linear relationship between the employee satisfaction and the level of employee engagement (Boselie and Dietz, 2003; De Mello, Wildermuth and Pauken, 2008). The research sheds light upon the variable that are internal as well as external in raising
The adoption of this approach remains mainly because of the nature of information being sought, which will involve a combination of qualitative and quantitative approaches(Creswell, 2009). The first phase of the research will involve collecting
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