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An investigation into the perceptions and practices of a small sample of learning support/resource teachers when providing for students with autistic spectrum disorders in post primary schools - Literature review Example

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An investigation into the perceptions and practices of a small sample of learning support/resource teachers when providing for students with autistic spectrum disorders in post primary schools

An exploration of modern daily interventions and technologies will be placed in context with the professional training of teachers as well as their collaborations with outside support systems and agencies towards successful post primary school experiences.
Autism was first described by an American psychologist by the name of Leo Kanner who in 1943 identified the condition in a sub-group of children who had at first been diagnosed with other mental disorders that did not quite fit what was being observed in the group (Ireland 2004). The children in the group that Kanner observed did not relate to other people or their environment in a way that was normal to most children. The way in which they reacted to their environment was similar enough to base a common set of behaviours as a standard in order to create a diagnosis for a disorder. His description of this behaviour was ‘extreme autistic aloneness’ or ‘autism’. Kanner was given credit for his observation and discovery of the syndrome as the illness was often referred to as ‘Kanner’s Autism’ or ‘Kanner’s Disease’ (Humprey 2008).
In 1988, Autistic Spectrum Disorders (Autism) was first used by Wing and Allen to acknowledge this subset of Persuasive Developmental Disorders which included Autistic Disorder, Asperger’s Disorders and Persuasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (Ireland, 2004). Persuasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) is an umbrella term for the spectrum (Ireland, 2004). PDD can range from a milder form known as Asperger’s disorder where children who develop adequate linguistic and intellectual facilities are at the other end of the spectrum to the more severe form known as Autism (Wing 1991).
The American Psychiatric Association has re-organized the diagnostic criteria for autism. In DSM-IV (The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), autism was broken into five different disorders under the spectrum. Autism, ...Show more

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A literature review is developed in order to sufficiently create a background from which to base the research so that what has come before can be integrated into the current avenue of study. This chapter will explore the key areas which are relevant to the aims of the…
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