This "Autism student" essay describes different theories, which are tightly tied to the autism. It is common in various academic disciplines that there exists controversies over theories and they frequently assist in fuelling and promoting a healthy and competitive environment amongst the proponents of various theories. This, in turn, gives rise to new fields of information and opens new avenues of thinking. However, here, autism is not at all like any other academic disciplines and does not accept or reject the controversy over theories. However, there is a good chance that these theories lead to more studies and researched which may bring about the developments in treating the children with autism (Bauman, 1993; Biklen, 1990 and 1997; Gernsbacher et al., 2007).
The Theory of Mind (TOM) has been one of the special applications towards autism which has also provided an extension to the cognitive abilities. These theories have further given rise to the instructional efforts which take into account the communication and cognitive deficiencies of the students with autism and teach them to recognize body language and expressions and emotions. According to the researchers, the children suffering from autism find it difficult to relate the actual state of affairs and the mental states of others. Therefore, one of the target interventions for the children with autism include the training of social skills, and includes various techniques such as role playing, coaching, taking turns, conversation menus and chaining behaviors. ...Show more