Out of Home Care – Children Families and Communities Order No. 745997 Introduction The Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) define ‘Foster Care’ as the “24 hour substitute care for children outside their homes.” Foster care not only refers to children who go to foster care homes, but also include group homes, emergency shelters, relative foster homes, non-relative foster homes, pre-adoptive homes and other residential facilities…
The primary aim of people who run the Foster Care homes is to provide the child with a permanent home with caring parents, irrespective of reunification or adoption. Children who are initiated into Foster Care homes include children who are neglected and abused and basically do not experience a strong and safe support system in their lives. Such children not only have serious physical and mental problems, but also possess a very negative attitude towards life. There is a constant threat to a child’s natural development which definitely takes its toll if help is not rendered in time. It is not only important to take a child to Foster Care during the early stages when the growth of the brain is most active, but it is also vital that the child has a positive experience and a good healing process while in Foster Care. In this context, Welfare systems play a vital role in the life of a child as it helps in healing the damage brought about by abuse and neglect, as well as it plays a very important role in the child’s development by providing comprehensive services. Current Effectiveness of Child Welfare Systems Internationally, for the past decade, there has been great improvement, in the policies and practices involving child protection. According to Lonne, Parton, Thomson, & Harries, (2009) Welfare systems are receiving ‘greater recognition of the importance of preventive, family – focused support’. The change brought about is reflected in ongoing efforts to broaden the concept of protection practices through child- centered orientation in welfare. Programs such as early interventions for both the child as well as family needs have been introduced. Early intervention policies and programs help to reduce the vulnerability of the child as well as the family and also help to cut costs before further damage is done. In addition, Secondary support programs such as Healthy Families (US) Sure Start (UK) and Stronger Families and Communities Strategy and Brighter Futures (Australia) are implemented to create social awareness about the importance of early interventions. Ongoing research is also being carried out in the field of child protection, by way of development of a range of assessment tools that serve to reduce the known risk factors which in turn help to strengthen and support the protective factors involving the child as well as the family. According to Stern (2002) such factors serve to ‘achieve desirable preventive effects for children and families.’ Cashmore (2009) strongly feels that though important decisions are taken by professionals who give their expert advice on the problems of children in care, yet family and community play a vital role in addressing these concerns and finding solutions to these problems. Family group conferences are very much helpful because it empowers the family who otherwise has to rely on professionals to sort out their problems. Moreover, according to Cashmore (2009) family group conferencing helps to build trust between the child, family and community and reduce the stressful situation to the minimum. Judy Cashmore (2009) believes that such family group conferences are extremely important as they help to harness trust and faith between the child, family and community and hence build stronger relationships among themselves that in turn ...
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The dynamics of care work have changed from the care work practices provided in the Victorian period. Economic conditions during the Victorian era were quite harsh. Middle-class men worked like machine to earn livelihood and their desire to return home after hard labor was fructified by the comforting home environment provided with the home care efforts and artful handling of the home sphere by the ladies working whole day providing needed care to all members of the family.
The problem of homeless African American children and families should be addressed through an inter-religious council which organizes a coherent, long-term strategy of support and rehabilitation for the people who are suffering from poverty. While recognizing the disproportionate burden that African American families bear in homelessness and poverty, this social work should be unhindered by racial issues but appeal to the common humanity and solidarity which is at the basis of all religions.
This means taking care of children’s body, mind and spirit. Palliative care also involves considering the well-being and giving support to the child’s family. Mostly, palliative care begins after a child is diagnosed with a certain disease. The palliative care continues regardless the fact that the child receives the recommended medical care or not.
There are different forms of isolation, some of which are: (1) disability of a parent or a child, (2) culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds, (3) living in rural and remote areas, (4) one or both parents being incarcerated, and (5) living in poverty (or homelessness).
Children often ask adults for guidance, respect and patience and this should include the right to hear the voice of children. The various contexts of decision making include participation in the process of individual decision making, service development, research, participation in communities and the ability to influence public awareness and policy
Though the reasons may vary the main reason is separation from parents. Such children deprived of their primary line of protection often fall victims of violence, exploitation, etc. Separation from parents across international boundaries even results in the child's death.
This is especially true when it comes to the safety of children placed in this environment. In an effort to better understand the safety issues of children in foster care, this research seeks to develop a more integral comprehension of how children in foster care view their own personal safety.
The key factor that is indispensable for a healthy and close knit family life is good communication among all the members within the family. If this is absent, then life in the family will be strained and devoid of harmony and understanding. Each and every human being dreams of having a loving and close knit family.
ill also summarize the policies, laws and programs that intent to evaluate the goals and outcome as well as the desires of the children and families department. The children and family departments in the United States are charged with the mandate of protecting neglect and abuse
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