The issue of education in African American communities has often found its way into public and scholarly debates in equal measure. This has come as a result of the agreeable lower quality and less appreciation of education in these communities as compared to areas occupied by the whites. The situation is one largely resulting from historical factors as well as continued neglect. All the same, continued interest can only boost the current situation. Hopefully, in the next decade the situation will be much better and quality as well as appreciation will have reached peak levels. To help in the inquiry and analysis of the current situation of education in the African American communities this study utilizes the Burke’s Dramastic Pentadic Criticism. This is a five stage approach which examines five aspect of a narration or situation these five are agent, act, agency, scene and purpose.African Americans are one of the most academically disadvantaged people marked by low literacy achievement. This is irrespective of the fact that African Americans are the subject of continuous focus in literacy based studies in United States. The current state of African Americans education is mainly due to historical factors which enforced segregation. This meant that discrimination against these individuals was officially recognized and enforced by the state government. This hindered equality in the social circles and this permeated through to the education sector (Belgrave, 2009). The greatest challenge for the African Americans was that they were historically considered slaves. This meant they had very few rights and education was not obviously one of the rights. In the absence of education, some few religious set ups realized that this was largely promoting inequality and sought to act. This was by availing education opportunities, at the forefront was the French Catholics in Louisiana in 1600s and Quakers in the 1700s, these were largely based in Pennsylvania. Such localized approaches meant that education opportunities could not be holistically provided to all African Americans especially those living in other states (Taylor & Philips, 2005). The situation would be worsened by state governments which refused to grant equal education opportunities to their black population irrespective of whether they were free or not. The injustices directed to the African Americans in terms of education would later remain unaddressed for so long that they were generally accepted by the policymakers. A slight change came after the Civil War where most Blacks achieved some form of freedom and continually became aware of their entitlement to education amongst other rights (Murrell, 2002). However, marked improvement would only be registered in the 20th Century following political activism and civil activism led by such distinguished leaders as Martin Luther King Jr. Such activism brought to the limelight the great injustices and the continued segregation of the black community. However, it was still impossible to address the historical injustices (Morris & Morris, 1999). Besides, most African Americans had already formed a notion that education was not for them and they were resigned to disadvantaged positions and hard and dangerous street lives. Literature review The above discussion offers a brief synopsis of the historical factors that have contributed to the current dire situation of education among African Americans. This is irrespective of the marked improvement that has taken place in the past half a century or so. This study seeks to provide a rhetorical criticism of education in the African American Community as represented by the discussed factors amongst other emerging issues characterizing the same. The rationale for this criticism is as presented by Kenneth Burke under, Burke’s Dramastic Pentadic Criticism
The issue of education in African American communities has often found its way into public and scholarly debates in equal measure. This has come as a result of the agreeable lower quality and less appreciation of education in these communities as compared to areas occupied by the whites…
Although much progress has been noted over the past half century, there is still a long way to go. The blacks in one way or the other continue to be relatively disadvantage as compared to their whites counter parts as the racial gap has not diminished. The government’s role is crucial, as its policies have addressed racial issues over the past decades especially in 1960s.
The author is explaining that the African America during 20 the century had to under go much oppression and suffering from White people of America in regard of linguistic basis. Even when African children got opportunity to get educated the behavior of whites were derogatory toward them as they spoke English with cultural accent.
This number may have gradually increased but non other than President Barrack Obama reminded the African-American community that they had to pursue education on a serious note if they ever hoped to live the American dream and there were no shortcuts to that end.
America population composts of many ethnic groups including Latin American, African American, and white Americans amongst others. Some ethnos have come up as a result of immigration or colonialisation. In this research, I will concentrate on Black American ethnic group and investigate on the possible experiences that this ethno faced.
However, the dynamism of the war challenged the status quo of the American social, economic, and political spheres. The economic effects brought about by the World War II era affected not only the financial status of women and African Americans, but also their social and political lives.
African Americans have had to face an uphill task in the American society to achieve equal status which I am afraid is still a dream. But they have come a long way since the days of slavery and their current status in American society can be best illustrated with a brief overview of historical changes.
It was also a period of healing coupled with learning and trying to redefine the social structure.In the following pages I will examine several viewpoints from noted African Americans of the era and discuss their perspectives on the path to equality for the African American community in the 'New South'.
Today, African Americans number about 39.7 million, or 13.4 percent of the total U.S. population. The largest communities are in the Deep South, followed by the Northeast, Midwest, and West. This paper intends to analyze the history of African Americans. In order to conduct a detailed analysis, I have divided the whole paper into six units which deal with the history of African Americans in a chronological order and sheds light upon a different phase of their lives.
Psychological perspectives on the self (Vol. 3, pp. 137-181). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Helms, J. (1995). An update of Helm’s White and People of Colour racial identity models. In J. G. Ponterotto, J. M. Casas, L.A.
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