Science is important in that even though the students may not choose science-based majors in the future, science enables them twofold by; acquiring scientific literacy, and being enabled to continue learning past formal education. In elaboration, science is important in that the learners can; develop skills required to understand their environment and solve problems, develop curiosity which is an important ingredient to learning, develop a language for communicating and describing ideas and observations, and finally understanding the world around them.
Following the above definitions, the question arises as to who lies with the mandate of teaching science effectively. As Fensham (2012, p. 70) stated, “The future of science education does not lie primarily in the curriculum or in technology but with teachers of science.” In this statement, it is evident that the teacher, or the approach applied by the teacher towards disseminating scientific knowledge is critical. To this day, inquiry-based learning, that is, learning integrated with practical justification through practice, is regarded as the most effective way of teaching science. Inquiry-based learning has therefore been incorporated in the teaching and learning of science as it is expected to further the dissemination of knowledge through theory and practice combined. In the light of this, the following study will focus on teaching and learning of science with regards to how effective practical work is in supplementing student progress.
Science as a subject has been in existence since the beginning of learning. As such, much has been researched and concluded regarding its teaching, learning and application. However, most of these recent studies on the subject focused on its general application not realizing that it differs from stage to stage. For instance, what is learnt at stages 3 to 5 is not necessarily what will ...Show more