Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a behavioural condition whereby an individual has severe problems with their cognitive control and supervisory attention system, making them inattentive, hyperactive and impulsive (Daley & Birchwood, 2010). The symptoms of this…
2009). In the United Kingdom, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a very common behavioural disorder that affects around 4% of school-aged children and youths (Robertson, 2008). Among the children, there is more diagnosis of ADHD in boys than in girls, indicating that most ADHD cases in primary schools involve boys than girls. Since this disorder affects learning and consequently performance of children in school, it is necessary for the teacher to use personalised learning. This paper is going to focus on how to support an area of personalised learning in the primary classroom.
Thus, in order to handle a class of children with ADHD, a teacher should rely on the behaviour and discipline area of personalised learning (Maguire, Ball, & Braun, 2010). ADHD children are of special needs since they are easily distracted and talkative; they are very interruptive and impatient hence need extra help in learning. In this case, the teacher needs to understand how behaviour difficulties develop and are maintained to provide ample support to pupils ensuring that their needs are met (Humphrey & Lewis, 2008). Personalised learning relates to the behaviourism theory of education whereby the behavioural theory states that behaviour results from individuals’ learning from the environment in which they live (Sallis, Owen, & Fisher, 2008). The implication is that reinforcement will strengthen behaviour whereas those conducts not reinforced will disappear. In practice, the teacher should impose rewards and sanctions to encourage or discourage a given behaviour. However, it should be noted that these rewards or sanctions need to be applied disproportionately, such that not everything that a child does is criticised. For instance, teachers can use timers to set limits when children take turns in a group, and should praise those pupils who stay calm until lesson end without interrupting (Wyckoff & Unell, 2010). The ...
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“How to Support an Area of Personalised Learning in the Primary Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/education/790047-how-to-support-an-area-of-personalised-learning-in-the-primary-classroom-children-with-adhd-disorder.
The paper will tackle the question what is personalised learning. This is significant as this segment will help in clarifying the concept and assist in removing the ambiguities that are deemed to be inherent in personalised learning. The research will deal with concrete application of personalised learning being undertaken by some schools.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)" Introduction Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder popularly called as ADHD, is a developmental, neurobiological state characterized by the existence of strict and persistent signs of inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impetuosity (American Psychiatric Association (APA), 1994).
However, some medications of ADHD may be substituted with other treatment options such as behavior therapy in case patients develop risky health hazards and side effects. Researchers have also proved that healthy diets, appropriate lifestyle choices, and other treatment methods such as behavioral therapy can effectively help ADHD patients to manage their symptoms.
These children also experience impulsivity, as well as hyperactivity, resulting in difficulty in controlling their actions in both home and school. One of the hallmark features of ADHD is the impairment of a child's cognitive, as well as psychosocial, capacity.
There are many factors that are involved in creating an effective primary learning environment. In an effective learning environment, teachers have thorough knowledge of their subjects. They are interested in the subjects that they teach, are usually able
However, cognition, itself, is categorized into knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation (Kyriacou, pp.22, 1997). From among these divisions, the activity of questioning propels the minds to go through a
e by initially providing an overview of ADHD, its symptoms, co-morbid problems, and neuropsychological deficits, prior to delving into academic disadvantages, rationale for experiencing academic problems, and the appropriate interventions needed to address manifested behavior.
The attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can be defined as a development related disorder that affects children as they grow. It could also be seen among adults. It is characterized by over-activity, inattentiveness or impulsivity. Learning is an aspect that requires maximum concentration.