This misconceived myth is found to be fairly perpetuated in various football related matters such as club ownership, the coaching personnel involved, the players as well as in several ancillary industries such as the sporting press (Williams, 2003). Women’s football in England cannot be regarded as being a new sport. Historical evidence has shown that there was a representative football match back in 1895 between two women’s football teams drawn from the North and South of London (Hong and Mangan, 2012). During this match, the women that had been drawn from the North of London managed to win the game with a score margin of 7-1 (Grainey, 2012). From the very advent of the sport, women had constantly come under very close scrutiny as a result of the uniform that they were essentially to wear when playing the game. Most of the original orthodox jerseys that these women were essentially made of basic attire and usually comprised of loose blouses and knickers. Although this initial game was relatively highly attended, most of the media was quick to denounce it claiming that the quality of football that was being played by women was definitely poor (Williams, 2003). Criticism for this game was also seen to be expressed by the British Medical Journal which claimed that they could not in any way the needless exposure to violence that the organs of these women players were exposed to during the game although common experience had keenly taught these women to protect these organs (Reilly, Cabri and Araujo, 2005). The number of spectators attending these women’s football games was seen to gradually decrease over time and the press was seen to take great pleasure in proclaiming that the novelty of women playing football had gradually worn off. During the WWI era, as more men were drafted into fighting for the war, women were seen to enter the workforce in large numbers and these women factory workers formed various football teams based on the factories where they worked. This new trend was seen to be actively encouraged by the political establishment who saw it as an avenue that would show that the entire country was essentially functioning normally despite the war (Magee et al, 2007). The various matches played by these factory organized women’s football teams were usually for charities designed to aid in the raising of funds for helping the injured soldiers. The most successful of these factory based teams was the Dick Kerr factory team (Dunmore, 2011). This team won most of its matches and its manager organized for them to play a match against the French National team (Murray, 1998). The Ban on Women Football Due to the support that the Dick Kerr Ladies football team offered the mine workers by playing games to raise money for the striking mine workers after the events of Black Friday where the miners refused to accept the proposed 50% pay cut that was being imposed on them by the mine-owners (Williams, 2007). The government saw this as essentially being a political act, and started a propaganda campaign designed to end women’s football in the country. In December 1921, the Football Association released a press statement in which it denounced women’s football claiming that there had been a wide array of various complaints brought before it ranging from the use of the funds that were usually raised by the games to the conditions under which some of the games had been played (Brackenridge et al, 2005). To further cripple the women’s sport, the FA also prevented all their linesmen as well as referees from officiating in any of these women matches, they also prevented clubs associated with the
A brief analysis of the History of Women’s Football in England Since its inception, women’s football has been constantly wrought with a lot of uncertainty and unstableness. There has been the common misconception among most people that football as a sport should essentially be synonymous with masculinity…
The statement was based on an assessment report that exposed that losses by clubs had increased by 2 percent to approximately €1.68 billion in 2011. According to the Telegraph Sport (2013), an assessment of the finances of approximately seven hundred clubs released by the Uefa indicated a reduction of 2011 sales of €13.2 billion by €9.4 billion expenditure on players and salaries.
This is due to the high returns the business has been making in the last couple of years. The returns of the different football clubs in the past has been varied depending on the performance of the teams in the title aggregations. In addition, the management of the different teams has been very crucial in determining the financial performance of the teams.
These fights could have been pre-meditated and carried out in a professional manner. Alternatively, they can be spontaneous occurrences that were not planned (Malinowski, 2006: 456). The latter is more common than the premeditated one. Football and violence are intertwined.
With a capacity for over 50000 spectators, the coliseum was renowned for its architectural grandeur and for the cruelty of the bloody spectacles presented there. For its dedication in the year 80 AD, Emperor Titus staged one hundred days of games, hunting and gladiatorial fights designed to gain social consensus from the nobility and to distract the public from more serious political issues.
If a player in the middle of his agreed contract period fails to achieve laurels and productive results, the team management has the right to release him, and the player loses all the money for the entire session, and further more he loses entire credibility1.
One of the anthems of football hooligans "There's a George in my heart, keep me English,/There's a George in my heart, I pray, /There's a George in my heart, keep me English, /Keep me English till my dying day. /No surrender, no surrender, no surrender to the IRA" has become the known precedent of brewing trouble in audiences wherever British fans are present, "Those who have followed England over the years have come to identify the singing of this song as the precursor to trouble and invariably, .
Why can we call sport as being a global activity is because now the competition level has risen among countries and the events are held nearly throughout the globe without the reason of "popularity" in the region involved. For example, in "Formula One", we have a Finnish champion but there is no "Race-track" present in Finland.
This study looks into football hooliganism as the on the spot rowdy behavior of fans which is not planned and takes place at the spur of the moment. It football hooliganism is also a term used to explain unruly behavior by organized groups which is preplanned and usually takes place outside the stadium to avoid police and arrests.
The author of the text stresses that while women have traditionally enjoyed lesser freedom than men in most parts of the world, this trend has been improving especially since the past 100 years. The author also focuses on those societies where women were better placed than others and hence benefited from advanced treatment.
The evolution of the American Football game is an art in itself. How this game of collision and aggression originated and affected people is an interesting journey in history.
Sports have always been an important part of human
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