The place should exude warmth and confidence. Sustainable construction is therefore very critical to the economic, social and environmental fabric of society. Estimates suggest that in developing countries about 40% of the human population would be living in cities compared to 20% that was present in 1950. (Sustainable Building & Construction, 2003) Around 40,000 sq.km of cultivable land is being urbanized every year. The worst areas that are going to be hit are the developing countries where infrastructure boom is coming up in the next few years. It is understood that the building designs are capable of lasting 80-100 years on an average. It is therefore very important that a construction having such large scale life should be built in a sustainable manner so that fits into the surrounding environment. It can be argued that while lands that are used for irrigation being converted to concrete jungles would inevitably lead to loss of farming and have an adverse effect on the food chain around the world, rise in construction activity would lead to increase in jobs in the construction sector. Estimates indicate that around 3 trillion US dollars are being pumped into the construction sector annually and this accounts for 10% of the world GDP. (Moavenzadeh F, 1994) An estimated 111million worker of which 74% belong to the developing countries and of this 28% engaged in industrial development is what has been found out per the last census. (Sustainable Building & Construction, 2003) While it cannot be argued that construction is a sector that generates large scale employment, its drawback is lack of job security and personal health issues of working personnel. This sector is also predominantly male and since most of the jobs are in the unorganised sector their issues are not aptly addressed. A survey conducted in UK indicated that around 600 workers die annually due to asbestos intoxication, 30% suffer skin disorders and around 40% have bone and ligament fractures. (Sustainable Building & Construction, 2003) About 55000 workers die annually due to construction related accidents. Environment related incidents are the next major cause of concern which has strengthened the call more strongly for sustainable construction. Deforestation and illegal mining with scant respect to the nature is harmful to the environment. Apart from this energy a large amount of energy is also consumed in transporting these raw materials from its area of origin to other developing countries. (Bossink & H.J Brouwers, 1996) A concept introduced in 1970 called the embodied energy tries to calculate the sum total energy that would be required right from its inception stage, transportation and finally till the construction stage. The effort always is to limit the amount of embodied energy so that one can move towards sustainable construction. The major source of greenhouse emissions is usually for the production of cement which entails a significant amount of fossil fuel burning. Estimates suggest that by 1950 the CO2 emissions would be around four times the present amount. (Sustainable Building & Construction, 2003) It has also been suggested that in the interests of the environment it is best that a greater building density is better compared to a low building density. This would entail
Innovation & Sustainability (#623474) Executive Summary Sustainable development entails a process of construction by which the business requirements of an enterprise is protected at the same time does not cause any harm to the natural environment. The requirements of an enterprise comprise the employers, employees and the several thousand shareholders who have a stake in the functioning of the business…
It incorporates endurance while maintaining well being in the different concepts in the ecology which are environmental, economic, and social and resource use. In ecology sustainability aims at making biological systems diverse and productive to human beings.
The concept of sustainability includes the areas starting from the environmental constraints towards the social behaviour, policies and economic valuation. Toyota is a leading automobile industry across the world. The report will look at the sustainability of Toyota to get more insight of the real sustainability practices in the corporate world.
In innovation there are two critical things that must be considered in order to ascertain that innovation has occurred. The two are new ideas and methods. When there are new ideas or methods, then it is likely that the thing to be produced will be done so in a different way.
Fall in revenue and reduction in the profits generated by an organization are normally due to competition in the external world as well as due to various other internal factors that affect the efficiency of an organization internally as argued by Richard Lynch (2003)ii.
e to exist in prolific harmony, which authorizes fulfilling the communal, economic and supplementary requirements of current and potential generations. Sustainability is vital to making certain that individuals possess and will carry on having, the water, resources, and
nvironment can provide, understanding the many interconnections between economy, society, and the environment, and sustainability as the equal distribution of resources and opportunities (NSW, 2014: pg. 1). Sustainability therefore is the ability to use up particular natural
In the business, it meant practicing green in its operations such as recycling, avoidance of the use of plastic and for the business to leave little carbon footprint. This ensures that business operation does not harm
While sustainability is associated with the balance of the processes in the environment, there is a great need in understanding why it became so important today and what society can do to support sustainability. It is also essential to find out how it will affect businesses as
A sustainable environment works towards promotion of the economic stability. The concept of sustainable environment incorporates the financial, social, ethical, political, and legal issues that can be both external and internal to an organization. The rapid growth without
3 pages (750 words)Assignment
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you!Try us!
Let us find you another Assignment on topic Engineering - Sustainability and Innovation for FREE!