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Meteorological Satellites Systems - Essay Example

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Meteorological Satellites Systems

The data harvested using this network helped in the discovery of some characteristics about the atmosphere that were previously not known. These characteristics formed the basis on which most of the theoreticians worked on to provide information about the atmosphere. However, these characteristics ware not enough to provide more precise information about the atmosphere yet such information were of great significance in predicting meteorological parameters and conditions. The introduction of computers and mathematical models resulted to an increased demand for observational data that was adequately sampled and reliable both in time and space. This was due to the fact that the atmosphere forecast models depended strongly on the initial atmosphere state that had been reached at through assumptions. Better data was needed as even after this initial information, there were still many areas that were left without atmospheric soundings that were conventional. Before the discovery of weather satellites, the weathermen work was almost impossible as they were handicapped with very limited information before them about the atmospheres state at any time (Kidder and VonderHarr, 1995). Even after the world war period when observational networks were expanded by most of meteorological services from different nations, the global vast land areas that were sparsely populated as well as the large areas covered by oceans remained virtually blank with regards to conventional meteorological observations. The introduction of metrological satellites was a major step towards overcoming all these deficiency. Satellite imagery has since its discovery proved to be a vital information source in forecasting operations. The images serve various important functions in the metrological field including; a tool used for analysis mostly when dealing with data from the tropics, a vital aid during forecast conducted in short periods before rainfall, cloud, and floods, serves as an input to weather prediction models mostly dealing with numbers so as to define initial conditions, and used to monitor forecast models. In addition, the images can also be used as a prized indicator of both physical and dynamic process offering the weathermen useful information on the structure of the atmosphere and its evolution. Some of the valuable numerical models inputs provided by satellite images include; vectors on cloud motions, temperature of sea-surfaces, and winds moving across sea surfaces and upper air. Other important data that are normally utilized by monsoon weather predictors include; geostationary satellite’s rainfall, microwave sensor’s rain rate and Outgoing Long-wave Radiation gotten from satellites launched on polar orbits (Krishna, 2000). Meteorological Satellite Requirements Meteorological satellites are expected to meet the following requirements (National Research Council, 1997); 1. To serve as a data collection platforms where they act as collectors of data relevant to meteorology from instruments that are based on unmanned ocean and land. 2. To act as the main platform for observation when equipped with relevant sensors and serve to transmit both sounding and imaging information to the receiving stations that are situated on the surface of the earth. 3. To act as a communication satellite to enable meteorological data to be rapidly exchanged among ...Show more


METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITES SYSTEMS By Course Date: Meteorological Satellites Systems Introduction Meteorology manly concerns itself with observing theoretical physics and earth science. Being one of the branches of observational sciences, meteorology is charged with the task of giving accurate information about the atmosphere’s state…
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Meteorological Satellites Systems essay example
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