Lecturer’s Date: Smoking Should/Should Not Be Prohibited in Public Places The prohibitions on smoking in public places, also known as smoking bans, are public policies, which include certain laws and regulations that govern the occupational safety and health of the public, and prevent people from smoking tobacco either in their places of work or in spaces that are public…
Herein, both sides of the arguments will be considered with the intention of proving to the reader that the removing the smoking ban is a better option than maintaining it. According to Singleton, a spokesman for Reynolds American, it should be the decision of the establishment owners to decide if they want to uphold the rules on the environment (Winslow). The anti-smoking ban group “NYC Clash, Citizens Lobbying Against Smoker Harassment” stated after the ban was upheld by as new york judge that these laws are vague and infringe the smokers’ rights by violating the 1st and 14th amendments. It denies them the freedom to choose how they live since smoking is a personal choice and since the smokers are aware of the risks; the government has no business dictating how and when they smoke. Furthermore, according to Winslow, several thousand nonsmokers die due to conditions attributed to second hand smoke hence giving credence to the argument that cigarette smoking harms not just the smokers but their neighbors. Statistics show that bans on cigarette smoking have caused drastic reductions on the levels of cancer by an average 17% with the greatest drop being witnessed in nonsmokers (Winslow 2009). This is ample evidence that smoker do not only jeopardize their health but that of those who do not smoke hence the need for a ban. Notwithstanding, many people claim that smoking is their right, and any attempts to ban them from engaging are tantamount to infringing their freedom because they believe they should be able to move anywhere they want, more so in public, and restrictions on this are unconstitutional. Smokers hence claim that, banning smoking in public is an infringement on their freedom. However, proponents of the ban argue in the opposite direction they hold that it the rights of nonsmokers which will be infringed upon if they smoke bans are disallowed they will lose their right to live in a clean and healthy environment due to the dangerous effects of secondhand smoke. In addition, the city health officer, Thomas Friedman argued that, the “Smoke Free Air Act” was intended to protect the city resident’s health from the effect of secondhand smoke. To this effect, arguments have been made to prove that workers in bars and restaurants are vulnerable to the effects the many cigarettes being smoked in the premises. Therefore, as a potential health hazard in the workplace, the ban on public smoking is very much justified. Cigarettes pose a health threat not only because of the diseases they can cause but also as a fire hazard, since poor disposal of glowing butts can lead to fires resulting in the destruction of life and property (Dillenberger 1). On the other hand, several NYC claim that smokers’ personal lives are private, and the government has no right to interfere with it. Those in support of this argument state that people who are banned from public smoking are being marginalized by these bans. They state that it is wrong for the government to interfere with liberty and personal freedom of an individual all in the name of protecting the health of the public when many nonsmokers do even worse to their own bodies’ every day through other activities (Saulny 2004). In addition, the other argument against public ...
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(Proto-Miob Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Proto-Miob Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/english/74097-proto-miob.
Globally, efforts are made in this direction through different conventions and protocols such as Biological Diversity and Kyoto Protocol to ensure sustainability of global commons. The Stockholm Declaration on the Human Environment was first of its kind global effort made by adopting on June 16, 1972 an “Action Plan” with 109 suggestions for environmental protection.
Although Euripides is called “misogynist” by his contemporaries, recent studies qualified him as a champion of women’s equality (Rabinowitz, 1993, p.90-1). Certainly, the author of The Trojan Women, Alcestis, Medea, and Hippolytus, who talks about the ill-treatment and suppression of women in ancient Greece, cannot be called a misogynist.
A number of researchers who have dedicated a large proportion of their time to gain an insight on what nationalism entails have not devised a single definition for this term. Similarly, it was also during the same period that the term proto-nationalism came into existence.
What Causes Cancer Mutations?
Cancer is known as malignant neoplasm, the hallmark characteristic involves uncontrolled proliferation of cells. Under normal conditions cells grow, divide and die, but in a genetic defect called mutation occur in cancer cells leading to the formation of an abnormal DNA.
The ras oncogenes are activated when the hormones stimulate the cell receptors and this in turn transmits signals to the cells to grow and vice-versa. Thus regulating the cell growth, which is an important part of the cell cycle.
Several such ras oncogenes such as H, N and K ras often undergo point mutation and resulting in sending false signal to the cells.
Otherwise referred to as the Proto-renaissance, art that falls under this criterion started in a Northern closed society of the current state Italy, shortly after the twelfth century (Stokstad and Michael, 2009, p. 49). Art from this era did not originally stand for an uncultivated deviation from any other medieval art.
The paper analyzes the influence of Picasso’s painting “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon”. One of the most obviously influences on Picasso’s work is the work of an artist who lived centuries before him, but whom Picasso greatly admired, El Greco, a Spanish artist whose painting “The Vision of St. John”.
650). Proto-oncogenes code for and produce protein products for the inhibition of normal apoptosis or enhancement of cell division, while tumor suppressors produce proteins meant to cause cell death or prevent cell
Day to day natural elements like stones, flowers, the weather and sunlight were described as if they had a bit of God in them. Romantics respected self-directed deeds and walking into the beat of ones individual drummer (Tekiner 43). The Romantic human model was the artist,