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Broome County CAFR - Article Example

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Undergraduate
Author : watsicaadela
Article
Finance & Accounting
Pages 4 (1004 words)

Summary

This research aims to evaluate and present the financial statement analysis that mainly focuses on the following aspects for assessing health of any firm:
• Financial Performance
• Financial Position
• Short Term Liquidity
• Long Term Solvency
• Financial Capacity

Extract of sample
Broome County CAFR

This research is being carried out to conduct a long term solvency test on Broom County. It is referred to as the company’s ability to honor long term obligations. In order to assess the long term solvency of the firm there are many standard ratios available such as Debt size ratio, Debt to equity ratio, Cash flow coverage ratio, Debt service as percentage of revenues, and so on. In this study the long term solvency of Broom County was analyzed using two key ratios namely Debt size ratio and Debt equity ratio. The formulas for the respective ratios are as follows,
Debt Size Ratio = Total Debt/Total Asset
Debt-Equity Ratio = Total Debt/Total Net Asset
Debt Size Ratio measures the degree of financial leverage of the company, and generally higher values indicate higher financial risk. The ratio indicates whether the company is in a better financial position to service its total debt with its total assets. The Debt to Equity ratio is a measure of relative proportion of debt to shareholders’ equity that is used by the company to finance its assets. It is one of the indicators for long term solvency of a company. When the balance sheet of Broom County was analyzed for the years 2006 and 2007, it was found that Debt Ratio of Governmental Activities was 50.61% and 49.06% respectively. As discussed earlier, the acceptable value of this ratio should be less than 50% and the organization seems to have deleveraged their balance sheet in the year 2007 from 2006. The value of this ratio from Business Activities for both the years are less than 50% and are hence within tolerable limits.


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