StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Literature Review - Coursework Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Literature Review

The current study aims to examine and evaluate various practices and policies on performance appraisal systems and procedures as revealed by diverse authors whose researches have been published in peer reviewed academic journals. This literature review hereby aims to proffer relevant issues that emerge in the subject of performance appraisal. The determination of organizational effectiveness which is the degree to which objectives of an organization are achieved is a cardinal task of management. The contribution of each employee in attaining these objectives is the extent to which one has achieved. Therefore, performance evaluation is the assessment of achievement of objectives. Longenecker and Nykodym (1996) examined the potential benefits of performance appraisals and revealed that the appraisal process serves as a communication tool, a means to increase motivation and productivity, an arena for discussion of future career prospects for growth and development, as a basis for wage administration, and as a framework for decision making process relative to human resources concerns. Brown, Hyatt and Benson (2010) likewise validated the ability of performance appraisals in increasing employee performance and productivity through “greater employee identification with the commitment to objectives of the organization (Brown, et.al, 2010, 377); financial incentives which are contingent on performance (ibid, 378) and through encouragement of retention. Likewise, Eremin, Wolf and Woodard (2010) acknowledged the critical role of performance appraisals in merit based pay system. While eminent advantages are presumed to be realized from performance appraisal systems, some research have divulged the presence of biases due to various factors, to wit: favoritism and politics (Heneman, 2003) and issue of fairness and equity, lack of trust in management, and lack of resources or money for rewards (Eremin, et.al, 2010). On the other hand, supervisors expressed difficulties in handling poor performers as revealed from appraisal reports due to the need to exercise objectivity in identifying performance problems (Daley, 2008). Management support was likewise another factor stated by Daley (2008) as precluding plans for performance improvement. Further, the time consumed to address performance problems tend to neglect other pressing responsibilities. The need for performance appraisals and evaluation, despite issues of biases and difficulties in application and in addressing poor performers, was deemed relevant and worthy by both managers and employees (Longenecker & Nykodym, 1996). The challenging issues that face organizations is designing an appropriate and effective performance appraisal system free from biases and serves clearly identified goals. Brown (et.al, 2010) is a function of both performance appraisal procedures and treatment focusing on four indicators: clarity of role and purpose, extent of communication and flow of information, level of trust the employee has for their supervisor, and fairness throughout the process. As suggested by Eremin (et.al, 2010), biases could be addressed through a closer evaluation of current performance evaluation systems and by increasing the training of evaluators. Longenecker & Nykodym (1996) presented both managers’ views and subordinates’ ...Show more

Summary

Literature Review Date Literature Review Performance appraisals or evaluations are crucial element of the maintenance function of human resources management. Through it, the employee should receive one’s due share of benefits in terms of remuneration, rewards and sanctions, psychological motivation, wholesome and safe working environment, among others…
Author : mmurazik
Literature Review essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the coursework on your topic
"Literature Review"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

A literature review on Environmental Reporting
Corporate environmental reports are types of environmental reporting and can be defined as a voluntary stand-alone reports issued by business organizations about their environmental activities. Gray (2000) considers them as a kind of small world where various important points in the relationship between a firm and its owners meet together.
20 pages (5000 words) Coursework
Critical Literature Review
The aim of the study is to discover how academic integrity may be effectively and efficiently ascertained. Overview of Literature Study Summary Caldwell, 2010 Academic dishonesty in business schools are at a critical level, with reports on cheating involving half of business students.
5 pages (1250 words) Coursework
Literature Review on Usability Testing on Academic Electronic Medical Record Systems
The biggest challenge is that the errors are normally occurring in the process of using electronic medical records systems by novice users. The resulting of the errors in the process means that there is a miscommunication between the inexperienced healthcare professionals and the patient, leading to poor or inappropriate administration of health services to the patient (ISO/IEC, 2011).
6 pages (1500 words) Coursework
Literature Review
This is usually done to find basis for new research or to find information and facts for the purposes of validating, authenticating, and giving authority new lines of thought on a new topic of research. My previous understanding of literature review has increased
1 pages (250 words) Coursework
Literature review
On one hand economists like Bagehot (1873), Schumpeter (1912), Hicks (1969) and Grossman and Miller (1988) spoke highly about the positive role of
11 pages (2750 words) Coursework
Literature review
ng countries, it was concluded that the most significant cause of economic growth is capital accumulation which contributes towards 50 to 80 percent of economic growth. As opposed to this, another study conducted on G-5 countries revealed that technological development is an
11 pages (2750 words) Coursework
Literature review topic
The evolution of basilar papilla organ wall started in Paleozoic tetrapod where that organ was along with non otolithic ciliary restraint. But it was also not enough for aerial hearing. Aerial hearing was developed in Triassic era.
2 pages (500 words) Coursework
Conduct a Literature Review
As an educationist, I am concerned about the provision of high quality education to all the Americans especially those dependent on public institutions. For any success to be
5 pages (1250 words) Coursework
A Brief Literature Review
Qualitative research can simply be defined as those phenomena that are measured and expressed in terms of quality or kind (Lapan, et al. 20). Quantitative research is applicable to phenomena that can be
2 pages (500 words) Coursework
Create a Brief Literature Review
Due to the close work relationship between different generations, there are many problems arising between baby boomers and millennial. To resolve these problems, motivation is an important factor in this context (Jansen, 2010). Work
4 pages (1000 words) Coursework
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation