The term spurious is derived from the Latin origin. It is meant to mean not true or false. Management and spurious correlations are terms that are used in the field of statistics to make assumptions about certain things and calculations. When looking at the term spurious relationship, it can duly be noted that it is commonly used in statistics and in a particular way to provide certain answers. It is specifically used in particular to help in the experimental research techniques which would go a long way in answering some questions. Using spurious correlation in experimenting in research techniques help in the understanding and prediction of other relationships, namely direct causal relationship. An example of a direct causal relationship can be (X > Y). There is also a relationship called a non-causal correlation. A non-causal correlation may and can be created spuriously by a factor that is called an antecedent. An antecedent, for example, causes both the relationship as shown; (W > X and W > Y). Certain variables, known as intervening variables if undetected may make the indirect causations seem to look direct (Wooldridge, 2009). An example of an intervening variable can be seen in the form of (X > W > Y). Because of the effect of indirect causations being made to look direct, correlations that have been identified through experiment are not seen to represent relationships otherwise known as casual. This is unless spurious relationships can be ruled out. Only then can it happen. The purpose of this essay is to bring to light the importance of management and spurious correlations as used in statistics. As the name suggests, the essence of this essay is to bring out the importance of identifying correlations before they become misleading. This topic is important because many people tend to confuse the relationship between variables and by the end of this essay, it will be clear on the methods. In order to become a statistician or a social scientist, it is paramount that one understands that correlation be shown by being proven statistically. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the widespread occurrence of spurious correlation (Kleinbaum & Kleinbaum, 2008). In order to test and prove whether a correlation between two variables or constants is genuine or spurious, there are some additional variables and equations that have to be introduced in order to widen the parameters of getting legit results. There have to be sufficient assumptions being made and they must be made in order to help with the proper identification. This proper identification is of the parameters of a wider system and will help in the obtaining of results. It the results are found that the two variables, which were original, are causally related in a wider system, then the conclusion of the correlation is that it is genuine. The difference between a true and spurious correlation is that a true correlation exists and does not have to be proven while a spurious one needs to undergo experiments in order to be proven to be wrong. Statistical research has been affected by the identification problem, where many statisticians have been unable to conclude on where the problem is. An example of spurious corr
Management and Spurious Correlation Name Professor Course Date Introduction Management and spurious correlation can be described as a mathematical relationship whereby there are two events or variables that have no direct or casual connection with each other but still may be identified as two events or variables that have a connection due to a wrong identification or due to coincidence…
Crime and its association with poverty is the hot topic for discussion and research among the sociologists, economists and social psychologists. The definition of crime varies from country to country and the so as the poverty. The index of poverty is decided on the geographical area, national income and the minimum living needs for any person for the sustenance.
The cost of crime in relation to individual’s economy has a disastrous effect on account of increased cost of treatment for injuries. Crime affects business and productivity of labour. The cost of crime on national exchequer is prohibitive.
The author estimates the contribution of workplace stress to unhealthy behavior of the working class. To carry out the research, interviews are done on five employees aged 30 years and above. Semi-stratified method of data analysis is imperative in the establishment of workers perception of workplace stress and unhealthy behavior.
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Media however, exists to complement the two activities. It allows the rest of the community members to appreciate the role of surfing in promoting spirituality. For instance, a number of films have been used to show the beauty of surfing.
The author believes that spiritual practices should be made common in all parts of the world. They should also be adopted by doctors as a cure for those diseases in which the patient completely loses hope and becomes mentally disturbed and even for those diseases which do not have any cure through medications.
The author provides Adlerian’s theory on psychological effects on a child with the presence of siblings. According to Adlerian, motor development of a child is affected by the environment he is born in and his position in the family. He emphasized on the presence of role model to introduce a child to subtle and meticulous movements.
Demand for highly qualified teachers in world/foreign language in Russian, Chinese and Arabic speaking countries by the United States Department of States is very high. This implies that existing instructional gaps between ESL and grades students get in IELTS.
6 pages (1250 words)Research Paper
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