Chinese Gender Imbalance - Research Paper Example

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Chinese Gender Imbalance

However, China’s one-child policy currently threatens the gender balance of the country. Zhang Weiqing, “National Population and Family Planning Commission” Minister, stresses the intention of the country to implement this policy (as cited in Chang, 2008, p. 10). This paper aims to highlight the relationship between population and gender in China. It outlines how the government’s effort to reduce the country’s population leads to gender imbalance. The paper thoroughly explores the one-child policy and how it contributed to gender imbalance. In addition, it highlights the couple’s preference for a son as a mediating variable in the relationship between population and gender. Lastly, the paper outlines the adverse effects of gender imbalance. 2.0 One Child Policy A group of natural scientists believes that there is a drastic need to address a population crisis in China (Hesketh, 2009, p. 105). Deng Xiaoping’s effort to address the population growth became official during 1979. The one-child policy limited the offspring of the couples to one (as cited in Chang, 2008). This policy is rigorously implemented during the early 1980’s (Joint Economic Committee, 1992). The birth rate in China reduced from 33% to 16% per 1,000 on 1970 and 1998. This decline can be attributed to the "later, longer, and fewer" campaign during the 1970 (Merli & Smith, 2002). ...Show more

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Chinese Gender Imbalance 1.0 Introduction The implementation of one-child policy in China reduced the population into 1.3 billion after nearly 30 years. Government officials consider strict family planning policies as essential for economic growth of the country…
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