Serotonin dysregulation in particular areas that are linked to anxiety and mood control has also been seen as a possible cause. This is because starvation is hypothesized to be a response to these effects and this reduces the serotonin toxic and thus reduces one’s ability to feed due to decreased activity within the brain’s main receptors. Nutritional deficiencies such as those linked to zinc have also been speculated as playing a role in the cause of anorexia. Though it is not in the mainstream, it is seen to be part of the accelerating factors that lead to deepening pathology of the disease (Hoek and van Hoeken, 2003:387). Socialists place cultural factors as some of the issues that help propel these people into poor feeding. The images that are strewn all over the different types of media are of thin people and this really affects those who are presumed to be overweight. This means that it is a psychological or mental notion that has been occasioned by what the media presumes to be the ideal weight of a teenager. Models, dancers, gender, ethnicity and socioeconomic status have been seen as the key propellants into anorexia amongst children and teenagers in the western world (Abbate, Gramaglia and Fassino, 2006:68). Models are often portrayed as being what beauty should be defined along and the media whitewash sweeps its pressure on females mostly to start fasting as a way of attaining the shapes. Those in the lower income earning bracket are least at risk of being diagnosed with anorexia compared to those in their higher bracket and are white. Non-whites are least likely to be affected (Walstrom, 2000:761). This leads to poor dietary and thus, lack nutrition in their bodies....
This paper approves that mental disorders, as clinical researchers have established, may be related to anorexia in more ways than one. As such, they suggest that anorexia is a part of the mental illness and thus the DSM-IV categorization. Even if these people have been cited as suffering from selective eating disorders, there are reasons as to why they engage in such activities. Most engage due to certain problems that may be inherent while others do it due to their circumstances. But the social and the clinical perspectives differ by far. The habits that people engage in are as a result of some motivation which is mainly extrinsic rather than intrinsic.
This paper makes a conclusion that the two bodies of knowledge are an important addition to the knowledge of anorexia. However, it is important for each body to embrace its methodologies and work on meeting their goals through their research methods. Anorexia is both a clinical and social disease. However, the social scientists should not be barred from further exploring the cause of the disease by the definitions that have been widely acclaimed by many experts under the DSM-IV characterizations. The clinicians should also work on the disease from their end and the results should be harmonized through the evidence-based practice that has been approved as a way of gaining better knowledge of some of the diseases that are prevalent in the modern world. Despite the problems posed by the two bodies of knowledge, their autonomy should be respected and the avenues through which interdependence is unavoidable should be respected too.