Many kids start suffering from the early stages of asthma, such as panting and coughing. But as medical diagnosis can be performed from the age of five, children should get treatment as early as possible, and monitoring of the disease becomes vital. Children suffering from asthma usually have recurring attacks or flare ups, which involves the constriction of the airways. This is mainly caused by triggering factors such as allergies, exercise and infections. There are certain genetic factors which have been linked with the occurring of asthma in preadolescent kids. Reports on mono and dizygotic twins, together with recurrent history of asthma in the family, lay the genetic basis for asthma. Recently, genome wide screens and positional cloning have been recognized as techniques that can help to identify the genes that are related to asthma in certain populations. The influence of genetic variation on asthma shows the diverse nature of this, and leads to the fact that asthma can be caused by changing environmental factors. This indicates why many parents have children with asthma while the former themselves do not suffer from it. Environmental factors and the daily routine of kids can be a triggering factor to their asthma. Indoor or outdoor contact with allergic substances can be a major trigger for asthma attacks. Usually, early exposure to allergens can lead to continuity of asthma and decreased performance of the lungs. Food allergy is also a type of allergy that can trigger asthma in a kid. It is basically an allergen that leads to a development of further symptoms of asthma in children under the age of four. As far as infection induced asthma is concerned, there have been mixed views. There are some reports which show that exposure to infections such as hepatitis A can prevent asthma and continuous exposure to small infections can shield someone against asthma. On the other hand, there are other reports which state that bacteria and germs instigate asthma attacks. It has been shown that viral infections in the respiratory tract are the main cause of asthma attacks in childhood. Viruses such as rhinoviruses, which cause sneezing and coughing, are accountable for most of the asthma attacks, while suffering from serious infections can lead to continuance of frequent asthma attacks, when the children are growing up. This is because infections can increase the swollenness of the smooth muscles and cause further inflammation in the airways. Moving on, tobacco smoke has been regarded as a major trigger for asthma attacks, and this can happen anytime during childhood and cause a variety of symptoms. An increase in oxidative stress and further inflammation of the airways can be caused directly by inhaling tobacco smoke. People, who already have a considerably serious case of asthma and still are in some way inhaling tobacco smoke, can ensure the continuity of asthma in future and they also become impervious to the asthma medication. Moreover, children are much at a risk to develop asthma if they are exposed to tobacco smoke as they have smaller air pipes. Therefore, people who prevent smoking are at a much less risk to developing asthma or other similar diseases. Air pollutants have also been extensively considered as a major trigger for asthma attacks. They cause major harm to our lungs and cause inflammation in the air pipes. Along with this, various irritants such as perfume are also a
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