NIH is believed to be the largest source of funding for various kinds of medical researches worldwide that is successfully creating more than hundreds and thousands of excellent quality jobs. Almost all of these jobs are developed by providing the funds to thousands of scientists in different research institutions and universities in each and every state across United States of America (U.S.A.) and across the world. The main purpose of all of NIH Institutes and Centers is to have a focused approach on the specific diseases that are hazardous or on the body systems to take proactive measures for enhancing the lives of people (Tan & Payton, 2010). In simpler terms, the mission of NIH can be described as “To gain knowledge and information about various medical related diseases that range from the common cold to the rarest disorder of genes by ensuring that the diseases are prevented, detected, diagnosed and treated with accuracy so that the health of all human beings remain safe and secured” (“NIH Mission”, 2012). ...
Institutes of NIH Since the main aim of NIH was to identify all the diseases that can impact the lives of people, it has developed about twenty-seven Institutes and Centers and each one of them is fulfilling specific area requirements such as cancer, stem cell research, HIV/AIDS, Diabetes and many more. In the following table, the complete details about the NIH institutes and Centers along with the establishment date is given to give an idea about the contribution that it has made in the field of medical science: Name of Institute Year of establishment National Cancer Institute (NCI) 1937 National Heart, Lung and Blood Pressure Institute (NHLBI) 1948 National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) 1948 National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR) 1948 National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) 1949 National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) 1950 National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) 1950 National Library of Medicine (NLM) 1956 Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) 1962 National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS) 1962 National Eye Institute (NEI) 1968 National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) 1969 National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) 1970 National Institute on Aging (NIA) 1974 National Institute On Drug Abuse (NIDA) 1974 National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) 1986 National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) 1986 National Institute of Deafness and other Communication Disorders (NIDCD) 1988 National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) 1989 National Institute on Minority Health
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