1.1. Background The World Health Organization (WHO) classifies human weight status in terms of an individual’s body mass index (BMI), which is the ratio of a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in metres. A person may be underweight, normal, overweight, or obese depending on his or her BMI. Individuals with a BMI below 20 are considered underweight. Normal individuals have a BMI of 20 to 25.9 while overweight people have 25 to 29.9. On the other hand, obese individuals have a BMI of 30 or more (Shaw, Gennat, O’Rourke & Del Mar 2006). Obesity is a cause for public concern because obesity affects more than one billion adults worldwide, with complications ranging from type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, stroke, and cancer. (Shaw, Gennat, O’Rourke & Del Mar 2006). Table 1 shows the prevalence of overweight and obesity in the United Kingdom for the years 2002, 2005, and 2010. Table 1: Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in the United Kingdom (2002, 2005, 2010) Year Overweight (%) Obese (%) Male Female Male Female 2002 62.5 58.8 18.7 21.3 2005 65.7 61.9 21.6 24.2 2010 67.8 63.8 23.7 26.3 As reflected in Table 1, there is a steady increase in the number of individuals who are becoming overweight and obese from 2002 until 2010. As of 2010, 67.8% of the male UK population 15 years old and above are overweight, and 23.7% are obese. On the other hand, 63.8% of females are overweight while 26.3% suffer from obesity (Allender, Peto, Scarborough, Boxer & Rayner 2006). 1.2. Scope of the Report A concise background of the issue at hand is provided. The link between physical activity and obesity will are explored using a combination of desktop...
This essay "Link Between Physical Inactivity and Obesity Queried" outlines the relationship of physical inactivity and obesity, and different policies regarding this question. The UK government acknowledges the growing problem of obesity among its citizens. Aside from its direct impact among affected citizens, obesity places a heavy burden on the country’s health services. It is estimated that expenditures for initiatives on the reduction of obesity amounts to ₤4.2 billion annually. The government has developed and outlined its health policy on obesity through the Healthy Lives, Healthy People white paper. As outlined in the Healthy Lives, Healthy People initiative, the government plans to curb obesity by creating initiatives that will help people change their lifestyles and promote equality in health services. A novel approach proposed the use of social networking to disseminate information regarding obesity. Another program involved employer initiatives in promoting obesity prevention to employees, their families, and the immediate community.
Moreover, another move suggests placing the responsibility of funding and provision of obesity prevention and other health related services to Public Health England. It has been proposed to allow Public Health England to handle issues regarding avoidable illnesses. Thus, the National Health Service will be able to focus on other equally important efforts. By allowing Public Health England to handle obesity initiatives, cases of diabetes and liver disease are expected to go down.