Essentially, this exercise enables the student to apply a scientific approach with sufficient rigour to produce valid conclusion.
Title: This is a study of educational advances in the area of health sciences, where many procedures are currently being performed by care providers other than doctors even outside the hospital setting. Therefore, training is an important part of such practice. The adequacy of training in critical and technically difficult procedures is significant to ensure quality of services that essentially belong to the services in the healthcare. Human patient simulation has been used to train paramedics, and even though, it is observed that the paramedics are successful in endotracheally intubating the patients in transit to the hospital, organized research might throw some light on the efficacy of such educational advances. Thus, the title describes the study accurately. From the above discussion, it is evident that the key words represent actually the key elements of the title concisely without digression.
Abstract : The abstract is concise and succinct in that it summarizes the purpose, methods, and the findings of the study. The authors rightly state that the purpose of the study was to investigate endotracheal intubation training using a human simulator was as effective as live training in the operating room for the technicians. The authors developed an appropriate methodology for the intended study that aims to study the effectiveness of simulator training of endotracheal intubation as a training method. The successful intubation rate was identified as the dependent variable with the secondary dependent variable being the complication rate. It is implied that the independent variable will be training in endotracheal intubation; although, no quantifiable data has been enumerated in the abstract. The abstract is well written and precise and does include all the major premises and findings presented in the article. It is also articulate in the sense that it arouses inquisitiveness in the reader so he becomes interested to go through the whole literature.
Introduction : The authors clearly identify the research problem and state that unequivocally in the introduction. The "primary purpose of the study was to determine whether the intubation success rate is different among paramedic students trained on a human patient simulator versus on human subjects in the operating room." The authors go ahead to hypothesize that human simulator training of the paramedics to perform an endotracheal intubation produces equivalently effective performance of the paramedics. Endotracheal intubation is a critical procedure in the sense that if it is not done in the appropriate time, it produces worse outcome leading to enhancement of mortality. This demands out-of-hospital endotracheal intubation by the paramedics. If this is a treatment option, the quality and quantity of training of the paramedics are crucial since they need to intubate patients in less-than-ideal situations. This is the area to which the authors draw attention of the reader by highlighting the problems involved in training of the paramedics. They mention many methods, but the ideal method of training remains controversial.