Health Sciences & Medicine
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Obesity is a major global problem. According to the World Health Organisation 300 million adults in the world are obese and more than a billion adults worldwide are overweight.Childhood obesity continues in adulthood and result in chronic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular problems.


The total number of overweight and obese children rose from 22.7% to 27.7% in this period. Obesity increased most in older children aged 8 to 10, rising from 11.2% in 1995 to 16.5% in 2003. Levels of obesity were similar for both sexes, increasing from 9.6% in 1995 to 14.9% in 2003 for boys and from 10.3% to 12.5% for girls. (Mayor BMJ.2005.)
The government's resolution to provide every child with a healthy and safe life that will be economically well off and be enjoyable and productive to society was made clear with the publication of the Green Paper called 'Every Child Matters,' in 2003. The Child Act became law in 2004 and the Children's Plan published in 2007 came out with the strategy to make England a haven for children. An important part of this plan apart from education to every child and improving the economic circumstance, is the important factor of children's health. Childhood obesity is not only a threat to the health of children but also drains the resources of the National Health Service. It is estimated that obesity already costs the NHS directly around 1 billion a year (Third Report of HC, 2003-04). It has been estimated that, if the present trend continues, then by 2010 the annual cost to the economy would be 3.6 billion a year (D. Wanless, 2004). ...
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