One of the major learning disorders that students suffer from is Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or Hyperactivity. It is a disorder that first comes to light in the childhood. It is characterized by the persistent inability to sit still, focus attention on specific tasks and control behavioral impulses. Children suffering from Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity show these symptoms more frequently and severely than other children of the same age group. A person suffering from this disease may have problems in learning at school, work, family and social behavior. Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity disorder is one the most commonly found learning disorder. This becomes evident when Woods (2003) quotes “Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder is one of the most common mental disorders of childhood, affecting 3 to 5 percent of school-age children. The disorder occurs at least four times more often in boys than in girls.”Attention-Deficit Disorder is also found many of the adults who suffer from learning disabilities. Woods is of the opinion that around 2 adults in every 100 suffer from it,“Although the symptoms sometimes disappear with age, ADHD can persist into adolescence and adulthood. Some estimates show that up to 2 percent of adults have Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.”CHARACTERISTICS OF ATTENTION-DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER:The persons suffering from this disorder show various levels of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsiveness. Inattention means is inability to concentrate on a specific thing. The person may get bored with assignments or other related tasks in a few minutes, makes careless mistakes, has trouble in listening and may hallucinate and daydream. Hyperactivity involves almost constant motion. Woods exemplifies hyperactivity,
“Children may squirm and fidget at their desks in school, get up often to roam around the room, constantly touch things, disturb other people, tap pencils, and talk constantly.”
It also makes persons unusually impulsive, so that they act without thinking. It makes the persons more prone to accidents. Persons suffering from the disorder have severe learning problems because of their difficulty in concentrating on a particular task, following instructions or comprehending what is being taught. They also receive constant criticism and correction from teachers and parents, who believe the behavior, is intentional. They usually suffer from emotional problems which becomes evident when Woods quotes,
“The combination of negative feedback, poor academic achievement, and social problems may contribute to low self-esteem and other emotional problems.”
These emotional problems may further hamper development and progress.
EDUCATION OF STUDENTS WITH LEARNING DISABILITIES:
Many forms of attention problems interfere with learning. Students with attention deficits have trouble concentrating. It may be hard for them to decide what to focus upon while listening to a teacher, reading a text, or looking over a mathematics problem. They may also demonstrate impulsive behavior, causing them to perform poorly