The positive association between development of central obesity and increased cortisol levels has been demonstrated by numerous studies (Dimitriou, Maser-Gluth & Remer, 2003; Livingstone et al, 2000; Tiosano et al, 2003). Increased cortisol secretion results in an increased energy intake in both males and females (Epel et al, 2001). The study by Gluck et al (2004) and Gluck (2006) showed that increased cortisol secretion, a major component of the stress response, could play an important role in the pathogenesis of binge eating, leading to the development of obesity by increasing food intake. Increased basal cortisol levels have also been found in bulimia nervosa contributing to a great amount of hunger and binge eating. An increased cortisol level has been shown to be positively related to central fat distribution in both obese and lean individuals (Bjorntorp, et al, 2000; Douyon et al, 2002). The study by Epel et al (2000) supports the hypothesis that stress-induced cortisol secretion may contribute to central fat and demonstrate a link between psychological stress and risk for disease in women. This relationship holds true for men as well. Besides obesity, increased cortisol levels are also associated with, a profound alteration of intermediary metabolism, insulin resistance, changes in lipid metabolism, hypertension and cardiovascular abnormalities. In these obese subjects, levels of cortisol in plasma, saliva or urine may be significantly higher than those of matched normal subjects. (Andrew et al, 1998
This research paper “Does stress-induced cortisol contribute to central obesity?" is based on an observation within writers clinic where patients have central obesity and are often stressed. Moreover,
In the duties of a paramedic, stress has been found to be very common and in some cases, in higher in severity. The current research paper was therefore conducted with the research question, “to what extent does shift work contribute to the stress of working as a paramedic in Adelaide?
There are three major sources of such variations, namely, the independent assortment of chromosomes during meiosis,reciprocal recombination of the linked genes on chromosomes by crossing over in prophase I of meiosis,and random fertilization of gametes, thereby raising possibility of innumerable combinations.
It is evident that body's relaxation response must be activated to combat stress. The condition of the stress cannot be prolonged as it could be devastating and induce chronic stress worsening cognitive performance, suppressed thyroid function, hyperglycemia, reduction in bone density and muscle tissues, increased blood pressure and lowered immunity, increased abdominal fat and hence invites all linked (Scott, E).
For easy reference, a brief summary of the case will be provided here, so all the parameters are evident to the reader, who would be guided through the rationale of the nutritional management in this patient. This assignment has been broken into five questions which will be answered in this assignment.
This project will identify the potential health risks associated with the body's stress response and will evaluate professional research that highlights how differing stress responses vary among individuals. Through evaluation, the link between psychological and physiological symptoms in relation to stress response is noted as well as approaches to balance stress.
The purpose of this study was to find whether exercise would genuinely tackle the problem of obesity (especially, teenage obesity) to a good extent. The study also measured peoples’ understanding of obesity, as well as their involvement in sport and other exercise activities.
For this study, the researcher will gather peer-reviewed journals related to stress. Eventually, the researcher will discuss all the probable cause and effects of stress. Prior to the conclusion, the reasons
Now, what is the family? It is where the child is born, raised, educated and cared for. The basic functions of the family are: reproduction, protection, socialization, regulation of sexual behavior, affection and
Sociology, to begin with, studies how the society is organised and how its members experience life. Sociology is based on universal issues that could affect human beings. Its study helps appreciate the dynamics and the structure of the society and the connections between
In the second paragraph, Kyle refers to a Plus One journal that discusses the findings of an experiment where overweight mice were given sweets to test their taste capabilities. This is the first part of evidence and
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