Health Sciences & Medicine
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Introduction: The term emergency management traditionally refers to care given to patients with urgent and critical needs. The philosophy of emergency management has broadened to include the concept that an emergency is whatever the patient or the family considers it to be.


Usually the management is given under the guidance of a physician or an emergency nurse practitioner. The emergency nurse has had specialized education, training, and experience in assessing and identifying patients' problems in crisis situations. Along with that, the nurse prioritises, monitors, and provides continuous assessment of the acutely ill or injured patients. The role does not end there. She has also the role to support and attend to families, to supervise allied health personnel, and to teach the patients and families in a care environment that is time-limited and highly pressured. Nursing interventions are usually accomplished in collaboration with or under the direction of a qualified physician or nurse practitioner. The strengths of nursing and medicine are complementary in an emergency situation. Appropriate nursing and medical interventions are anticipated based on assessment data and current evidence for appropriate measures (Brook and Crouch, 2004, 211-216). The emergency health care staff members work as a team in performing the highly technical care for patients in an emergency situation, where taking an important decision matters, and research evidence can serve as a guide to make confident decision (Gerrish and Lacey, 2006, 3-15).
The Nursing process in the Accident and Emergency provides a logical framework for problem solving in this environment ...
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