This research paper looks at what is Autism and what could be seen as possible causes. The main focus is on the research involved in identifying whether or not genetics are linked to Autism, and if so, does it make some children susceptible to adverse reactions to certain vaccines. The paper will also look at how to treat children with autism. Autism is a disorder in which the development of the brain is affected, predominantly in the areas of communication and social interaction. Typically the first signs of this disorder would appear before age 3.Could this be seen as a cause of Autism If so, is it possible to screen children for genetic markers before receiving a vaccine. Although the symptoms and behaviour can be managed and with time improved, through treatment, there is no permanent cure for autism. It persists throughout life.According to Mayoclinic.com "It's estimated that three to six of every 1,000 children have autism. A recent increase in the number of autism cases in the United States may be the result of improved diagnosis and changes in diagnostic criteria."The disorder appears more often in boys than in girls. Almost three to four time in access. The seriousness of the symptoms differ in each case. Mayoclinic.com (2006) "Some children with autism will grow up able to live independently, while others may always need supportive living and working environments." (web page)Symptoms of autism in children, generally manifest in three crucial areas of development - social skills, language and behavior. Mayoclinic.com (2006) " ...
One may recognize the following signs in the areas of social skills, language and behavior: Social skills (Fails to respond to his or her name, has poor eye contact, Appears not to hear you at times, Resists cuddling and holding, Appears unaware of others' feelings, Seems to prefer playing alone - retreats into his or her "own world"). Language (Starts talking later than other children, Loses previously acquired ability to say words or sentences, Does not make eye contact when making requests, Speaks with an abnormal tone or rhythm - may use a singsong voice or robot-like speech, Can't start a conversation or keep one going, May repeat words or phrases verbatim, but doesn't understand how to use them). Behavior (Performs repetitive movements, such as rocking, spinning or hand-flapping, Develops specific routines or rituals, Becomes disturbed at the slightest change in routines or rituals, Moves constantly, May be fascinated by parts of an object, such as the spinning wheels of a toy car May be unusually sensitive to light, sound and touch)
Young children with autism also have a hard time sharing experiences with others. When someone reads to them, for example, they're unlikely to point at pictures in the book. This early-developing social skill is crucial to later language and social development.
As they mature, some children with autism become more engaged with others and show less marked disturbances in behavior. Some, usually those with the least severe impairments, eventually may lead normal or near-normal lives. Others, however, continue to have severe impairments in language or social skills, and the adolescent years can mean a worsening of behavior problems."