The study tells that health care in the United States is provided by many separate legal entities. Health care facilities are largely owned and operated by the private sector. Health insurance is now primarily provided by the government in the public sector, with 60-65% of healthcare provision and spending coming from programs such as Medicare, Medicaid, Tricare, the Children's Health Insurance Program, and the Veterans Health Administration. The issue of health insurance reform in the United States has been the subject of political debate since the early part of the 20th century and recently reforms remains an active political issue. Active debate about health care reform in the United States concerns questions of a right to health care, access, fairness, efficiency, cost, choice, value, and quality. Some have argued that the system does not deliver equivalent value for the money spent. In the United States, ownership of the health care system is mainly in private hands, though federal, state, county, and city governments also own certain facilities. The USA pays twice as much yet lags behind other wealthy nations in such measures as infant mortality and life expectancy, though the relation between these statistics to the system itself is debated. Currently, the USA has a higher infant mortality rate than most of the world's industrialized nations. Life expectancy in the USA is 42nd in the world, below most developed nations and some developing countries. It is also below the average life expectancy in the European Union.
Life expectancy in the USA is 42nd in the world, below most developed nations and some developing countries. It is also below the average life expectancy in the European Union. The World Health Organization (WHO) in 2000, ranked the U.S. health care system as the highest in cost, first in responsiveness, 37th in overall performance, and 72nd by overall level of health (Bok, 1994). The Commonwealth Fund ranked the United States last in the quality of health care among similar countries, and notes U.S. care costs the most. Doctors and hospitals funded by payments from patients and insurance in return for services given. Around 84.7% of Americans have some form of health insurance; either through their employer or the employer of their spouse or parent (59.3%), purchased individually (8.9%), or provided by government programs (27.8%) (Brint & Karabel, 2009). This paper will discuss various reasons as to why health plans have failed under Roosevelt, Truman and Clinton regime and the reason as to why Obama's plan succeed in getting approved. Reasons as to why Roosevelt's plan failed In 1912, there was a proposal for a national health insurance when President Theodore Roosevelt's Progressive Party platform called for the fortification of home life against the problems of sickness, asymmetrical employment and old age through the espousal of a system of social insurance that was relevant to American use. (Christensen et al, 2008) Shortly thereafter, the American Association for Labor Legislation (AALL) formed a Committee on Social Insurance comprising prominent members of the American Medical Association (AMA) and others. The committee recommended a compulsory plan covering the majority of workers. In 1917, efforts to enact the AALL plan at the state level