StudentShare solutions

# Smoking and Chest Infections Frequency - Essay Example

## Extract of sample Smoking and Chest Infections Frequency

The basic idea behind the chi-square goodness of fit test is to divide the range of the data into a number of intervals. Then the number of points that fall into each interval is compared to the expected number of points for that interval if the data, in fact, come from the hypothesized distribution. More formally, the chi-square goodness of fit test statistic can be defined as follows.
Here again, the data type of both independent variable and the dependent variable is discontinuous and categorical. The relevant test based on data type of dependent and independent variable is CHI-SQUARE Contingency tables. There are ten different groups based on the mood condition i.e. depressed to elated captured in 10 different categories. The Hypothesis tests may be performed on contingency tables in order to decide whether or not effects are present. Effects in a contingency table are defined as relationships between the row and column variables; that is, are the levels of the row variable differentially distributed over levels of the column.
Frequency tables of two variables presented simultaneously are called contingency tables. Contingency tables are constructed by listing all the levels of one variable as rows in a table and the levels of the other variables as columns, then finding the joint or cell frequency for each cell. The cell frequencies are then summed across both rows and columns. The sums are placed in the margins, the values of which are called marginal frequencies. The lower right-hand corner value contains the sum of either the row or column marginal frequencies, which both must be equal to N. variables. The significance of this hypothesis test means that interpretation of the cell frequencies is warranted. ...Show more
Cite this document
• APA
• MLA
• CHICAGO
(“Smoking and Chest Infections Frequency Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
(Smoking and Chest Infections Frequency Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
https://studentshare.net/health-sciences-medicine/322038-2-case-study-reasearch-methods.
“Smoking and Chest Infections Frequency Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/health-sciences-medicine/322038-2-case-study-reasearch-methods.

## Summary

The intention of the current assignment is to conduct a research regarding the following thesis: smokers to suffer from more chest infections than the non-smokers. Additionally, the writer of the paper will discuss suspicion that depression is more common than is normally recognized…
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Smoking and Chest Infections Frequency"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

### Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Smoking
There is the false consideration that smokers can be divided into different levels of light smokers, medium smokers and heavy smokers based on the number of cigarettes smoked over time and that the health consequences are lighter on those who smoke less. Any level of smoking is bad for health and the only solution is cessation of smoking (Rothman & Greenland, 2008).
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Smoking
What they forget to take into consideration is the fact that people smoke for a reason, or maybe several, in fact, and this habit has to be checked at its source. Smokers have many reasons to smoke. Some reasons are as simple as liking the taste or the thought of smoking, or that it relaxes them and helps them unwind, stay sane with all the stressful things around them.
1 pages (250 words) Essay
'The normal course of COPD is punctuated by increasing frequency and severity of exacerbations
COPD cannot be reversible by treatments and is considered to be the third major cause of mortality and morbidity throughout UK. (Crockett, 2002; Barnes, 1999) As of 2004, almost 900,000 individuals in UK have been diagnosed with COPD. (NCCCC, 2004) Exacerbations related to
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Smoking
People that smoke seem to really enjoy their smoking routines. I noticed how smokers at work tend to create close bonds based on the simple fact that they are mutual smokers. I have to smokers and most of them say that smoking helps them relax and reduce stress. Stress in
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Smoking
One in five of all deaths every year in the United States have been credited to smoking, killing more than AIDS, suicide, alcohol, car accidents, homicide, and illegal drugs
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Smoking
The harmful effects of smoking are not limited to individuals concerned, instead the whole society pays the price. A number of short-term health problems are
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Smoking
However, smoking habit is increasing day by day not only among adults, but also among teenagers also. Earlier, males were the prominent community who derived pleasure from smoking whereas at present many females
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Smoking
In addition, secondhand smoke adversely affects millions more, a problem which has more recently been addressed by the banning of smoking in public places. The
2 pages (500 words) Research Paper
Smoking
nto a drug called nicotine, which makes the smoker feel they are unable to cope without cigarettes for more than a certain length of time when in truth. Some people think that smoking dose not causes disease. However, quitting smoking will protect your health. Quitting smoking
5 pages (1250 words) Research Paper
Smoking
This essay highlights smoking among the elderly population and gives guidelines and recommendations to deal with the problematic tobacco use and its products. Smoking is the
8 pages (2000 words) Book Report/Review
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Essay on topic Smoking and Chest Infections Frequency for FREE!
+16312120006