Prostate cancer is a second leading cause of death among men after lung cancer, primarily from smoking. The paper also discusses some basic anatomy related to the prostate gland and the cancer itself. The disease is described in greater detail as well as the various symptoms and also the treatments that are available today with the aid of more modern and accurate detection methods. The last part of the paper gives the current state of prostate cancer research which has shown big strides. This paper deals with everything that is related to prostate cancer today. Keywords: cancer, detection, gland, prevention, prostate, research, symptoms, treatment Introduction The human body is an intricate and very complex system of tissues and organs that has an amazing capacity to rejuvenate itself and maintain a dynamic equilibrium called as homeostasis. Entire body systems such as the circulatory, respiratory and reproductive systems are examples of this ability to maintain a stable condition. Ailments are symptoms of something that has gone awry with these body systems such that these were not able to return to equilibrium as expected. This paper talks about a peculiar anatomical part that is present in human males only which is the prostate gland and highlights prostate cancer which is quite common among men. Discussion Prostate Gland – this is a small compound exocrine gland which performs vital functions in the human male anatomy in terms of chemical, physiological and sexual characteristics. It is a small organ that produces and stores a slightly alkaline fluid that constitutes some 20%-30% of the seminal fluid volume during ejaculation. The alkalinity helps the spermatozoa to survive the acidity of the vaginal environment. Prostatic secretions are made up mostly of just simple sugars such as fructose and about one percent of protein. However, it contains a lot of zinc which can be 1,000 times that of the zinc found in human blood. The prostate produces dihydrotestosterone but needs other hormones produced by the testicles to work properly and allow the male to exhibit the male characteristics such as growing a beard or mustache. The average human male prostate gland weighs about 11 grams and is the size of a walnut. It surrounds the first portion of the urethra called prostatic urethra near the base of the bladder (at the neck or its outlet for the drainage of urine). The prostate helps in control of urination and also in the ejaculatory process through the smooth muscles around it. Enlarged Prostate – this is usually just a normal part of the ageing process as men grow older and become less active. The medical term for this condition is benign (harmless) prostatic hyperplasia (over-genesis or over-production of certain cells) or BPH. This is usually a harmless condition caused by changing hormone levels and should not cause too much worry at all. BPH itself is not a symptom of cancer although it causes similar problems (Zorn & Gautam, n.d. p. 1) like reduced urination and sometimes pain as the enlarged prostate squeezes the urethral outlet. Incredibly, a male can survive and manage quite well without the prostate gland like that what happens when it is surgically removed during an operation called radical prostatectomy. Prostate
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Research Paper on Prostate Cancer Name of Student (author) ID Number: Professor’ Name: Name of School (University) Word Count: 1,795 excluding abstract (194) Research Paper on Prostate Cancer Abstract This paper talks on a disease that is exclusive to males only which is prostate cancer…
The major objective of this research shall be to find out how diet can be a factor in the progression as well as the reoccurrence of prostate cancer in men with poor dietary habits. The research findings shall be used to discuss the various measures that can possibly brighten the perspective men have towards dietary care.
Proceeding age, family history of breast cancer, and extended reproductive phase are the some major aspect related to this disease. Up to 10 percent of breast cancer in western countries like US, is due to strong genetic predisposition (Dixon, p.25). Doctors can detect breast cancer initially after approximately three years after menopause.
The prostate gland is located below the urinary bladder and above the urogenital diaphragm. The prostate gland is divided into four regions. These are the central zone, transitional zone, peripheral zone and the periurethral zone. The peripheral zone is the zone from where the cancer of the prostate gland arises.
Another way that healthy cells differ from cancer cells is that healthy white blood cells can detect damaged cells, such as viruses, and attack them, stopping them before they spread the virus to the rest of the body. Cancer cells, however, can pass through this system without being detected, which means that the immune system is not notified to their presence (Skehan 15).
It is surrounds the urethra. Urethra is the tube in the body of men that allows urine to be passed out of the body. Prostate cancer is more common in men of old ages and rare in men below 40 years of age (Prostate Cancer). Etiology: Studies reveal that African-American men are at more risk of developing prostate cancer who have also been found to be at risks of developing cancer at their different ages.
Physicians in those early days may not have known what the condition was, but they knew that something destructive was taking place. Unfortunately, breast cancer was considered a taboo, more of a punishment than an uncontrollable illness, which meant that very few diagnoses were made before the individual succumbed to the devastation of cancer.
Colon cancer is mainly caused by lifestyle of individuals and their age, poor lifestyles and eating habits especially those in the developed world lead to the increased risk of getting colon cancer, in addition, individuals who are advanced in their age, from 50 years are also at a higher chance of contracting the disease.
Another striking aspect of prostate cancer is that in spite the advances made in the understanding of the disease and its treatment modalities, it is still marked with high death risk and morbidity, and poses a severe economic strain on those
At an early stage, prostrate cancer shows no symptoms, but some warning indicators include frequent urination at night, powerful or weak urination, blood in urine, difficult controlling urinating and painful urination. Prostate
4 pages (1000 words)Research Paper
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