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CNS Depressants - Research Paper Example

The generic term “alcohol” comes in different street names such as; booze, brew or brewsky, hooch, forty (short for forty-ouncer), etc. Adolescents use different terms for alcohol, depending on the mixture, origin or sometimes depending on their minds creativity. This liquid drug increases the drinkers risk-taking behavior, allowing them to do things they can’t usually do without the influence of it. As it falls under CNS depressants, it has a calming effect to those who drink it and can help them relax and fall asleep. Abuse of this substance may lead to bad judgments, which leads to risky habitual behaviors and sometimes, to death. Other short-term effects of this substance are as follows: Last Name 3 Anaemia or loss of red blood cells Red, blotchy skin Skin acne problems Loss of consciousness Diarrhea Slow mental process which causes slow reflexes http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/alcohol-abuse/default.htm Aside from these short-term effects, the long-term effects of alcohol are malnutrition, ulcers, gastritis, pancreatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, weakening of the bones and muscle fiber, hypertension (on some alcoholic drinks), dependence on the substance, etc. The most common alcoholic beverage is beer since it is the most commonly offered in the market due to its affordable price. Its price varies from where it is purchased. People who normally abuse this substance are generally adolescent males either due to peer pressure or depression. (Henderson, 2005, p 72) Barbiturates A barbiturate is another type of CNS depressant that belongs to a large class of hypnotic drugs. It is primarily used as a lid sedative and general anesthesia. In some cases, it is used to treat some types of epilepsy since it attacks the neurotransmitters of the brain which is responsible to brain cell communication. This depressant decreases the activity of the brain, which affects the coordination of body reflexes that aids the decrease of epileptic attacks. The most common types of this family of drug are phenobarbital, pentobarbital, amobarbital, secobarbital, butalbital and some others. Each of these has different formulations and dosages that vary depending on the Last Name 4 severity of the patient’s condition. Street names for barbiturates are as follows: Nembies for Nembutal (Pentobarbitone) Seggies for Seconal Sodium (Quinalbarbitone) Chewies for Tuinal (Quinalbarbitone and Amylobarbitone) Purple hearts or goof balls (Phenobarbital) http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/barbiturate-abuse Other common street names for barbiturates are barbs or barbies, downers, sleepers, reds or red devils and yellow devils. These drugs used to be common in the drugs scene but due to increased number of fatal accidents, it has been replaced with tranquilizers. Due to its effect to patients, it used to be largely prescribed to calm patients down, and in large amounts, can take insomniac patients to sleep. It is very effective in decreasing one’s mental activity which can really help people who are having difficulties sleeping and help people with anxiety and tension. (Henderson, 2005, p 48) But due to drug abuse and misuse, just like any other drug that has a high risk of mishandling; most doctors replaced their prescriptions. Misuse of barbiturates can be ...Show more
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Summary

Last Name 1 CNS Depressants In MLA Style Full Name Last Name 2 Name Subject Professor Date Central Nervous System Depressants or CNS Depressants mostly act on the brain which affects the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid or (GABA). Although different types of CNS Depressant may act in differently from one another, their major role is to decrease the brain activity through the neurotransmitters of the brain which is responsible for the communication of brain cells…
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