Name Instructor Course Date Construction Safety Abstract This research paper is based on the construction industry which has registered many injuries and deaths which emanate from hazards within construction sites. The paper gives a comprehensive background to the problem being discusses…
Background and Introduction Construction has been described as one of the most dangerous sectors within the US (Hallowell and John 1316). Every year, many injuries and deaths are recorded as they emanate from construction work. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that one out of five deaths related to work activities occur within the construction sector (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1). This demonstrates the need to research on the hazards within construction activities and the measures of construction safety programs in mitigation of these hazards as a basis for recommendations on improving safety for construction workers. Construction safety programs play a role in enhancing the health and safety of all construction workers who participate in construction, maintenance and repair of property (Zou 12). These programs are necessitated by the exposure of construction workers to hazards such as electrocution, falls, being stuck by or caught in between construction material, confinement, noise and dust. Economic conditions in construction and reduction of the amount of time spent at the construction site by construction workers is attributed to the 16% and 19% decline in fatal construction injuries in 2009 and 2008 respectively (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1). ...
It is in this regard that implementing a safety program for workers in the construction industry is more challenging as compared to any other industry. This is also related to the multiple crafts, flexibility, functions and skills which are required to achieve high safety standards at every phase of the construction process (United States Department of Labor 1). More significantly, construction workers are required to regularly change their work place within the construction site for safety reasons. It is in this sense that it becomes apparent that engineering controls within a construction site are challenging and difficult to implement effectively. In order to overcome such difficulties, construction safety programs are designed with a view of decreasing catastrophes, injuries, fatalities and illnesses on the construction site (Wilkins 1017). This research paper is aimed at studying the role of construction safety programs in mitigating the major hazards which are associated with construction work. The research paper will be guided and based on the research question: What are the major hazards in the construction sector and what is the role of construction safety program in handling and mitigating these hazards? Figure 1: Signs at Construction Site Warn of Hazards Electrocution Hazards Electrocution hazards expose construction workers to electrical accidents which have been described to be the cause of over 6% of deaths within the construction industry (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1). Electrical hazards and related injuries can occur within various aspects of the construction work. For example painters, trimmers and landscapers are predisposed to ...
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