Chemistry of Hazardous Materials - Case Study Example
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The characteristics of the hazardous substance in the four containers are determined through NFPA system. The system gives the procedure of identifying the relative levels of the three hazards; chemical reactivity, health, and flammability (Meyer, 2010). The HazMat team experiences several hazardous situations. The puncture tank may contain flammable fumes or chemicals thus it is hazardous because it may result in combustion. The corrosive materials can also negatively affect members of the HazMat team the fumes can cause skin irritation, and respiratory tract infection and inflammation. Strong oxidizing substances have the ability to corrode and thus if not handled properly can burn the skin tissues. Strong acids and bases also show corrosive characteristics and may burn the skin. All the three substances engage in chemical reactions that can produce dangerous substances, like hazardous fumes that cause respiratory tract irritation (Meyer, 2010). A lot of restraint should be exercised at the accident scene. Only members of the HazMat team should be allowed to access the site with the punctured tank and the three other tanks containing hazardous materials (Meyer, 2010). The members of the team must wear full protective gear. The gas masks are aimed are preventing the inhalation of dangerous fumes or hazardous chemicals. The reflectors jackets prevent skin contact with the hazardous materials. The other individuals who wish or want to access the accident scene must be told to wear adequate personal protective types of equipment. The protective types of equipment include; eyeglasses, gas masks, reflector or dust coats, gloves, and safety boots. The eyeglass minimizes eye irritation, through minimizing the contact between the eye and hazardous fumes. The reflector clothing reduces corrosion by hindering contact between the skin and the hazardous substances.
A paper "Chemistry of Hazardous Materials" claims that the information that is required is on the nature and characteristics of the chemicals that are found in the four containers. The characteristics of the hazardous substance in the four containers are determined through NFPA system…
They occur due to the logistics involved in the response and operations that have to do with the way multiple units function at a scene .The multiple functions involve contraction and expansion as well as due to weather changes.
The factors that are used in evaluating the environment in which hazardous materials incidents could be taking place involve; location of the incident, exposures to the proximity of the scene.
They are also associated with the pollution of the environment. A hazardous material is defined as a substance that threatens to harm the environment or the public health. In the US, the treatment, disposal and storage of hazardous material is
burns and is highly inflammable and reactive to the extent that a fire can erupt, however, while burning white phosphorus can also cause damage to the kidneys, heart, or liver. Furthermore, prolonged skin exposure to phosphorus can cause dermatitis. Therefore, in order to avoid
Oxygen is a very volatile gas and can easily change from the liquid form to a gas at low temperatures. In its liquid form, the gas is highly concentrated and unstable. Liquid oxygen is primarily used in hospitals and for propulsion purposes.
One of the potential hazards of sulfuric acid is its corrosive nature. This leads to wearing out of material surfaces and is widely experienced in industrial processes that use the concentrated acid. Care must, therefore, be taken to
The second and more powerful explosion caused the destruction of a building for drying explosives. The result was a six-foot-deep crater with dimensions of 60 feet across and 40 feet wide, caused by an explosion of a magnitude of a 2.0
Long time exposure to radiation may have long term effects such as development of leukemia and cancer. Damage to human DNA causes reproductive effects such as giving birth to deformed children. High exposure to radiation kills. Roentgen (rem) is a unit used to
The paper addresses the sequence, action plan, and finally communication regarding the solution to the hazardous problem illustrated in the accident scene.
The tanker has the dangerous-when-wet sign, class 8 label, and also the UN1836 illustration on the orange panel. The
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