This research topic encompasses many aspects of language development and acquisition. How a human being masters the use of language right from infancy till death will be discussed. Mastering the syntax, semantics and pragmatics of language is important to understand the rules of language and forming meaningful sentences. Prosody is important to pronounce a word according to situation. Children start speaking holophrases at one year of age which they use for questioning and demanding. After basic language skills, formal language acquisition will be discussed regarding how reading, writing and problem-solving techniques are acquired through formal education. The role of nature and nurture in language development and acquisition will be discussed. I would touch topics like mastering a language in the early years of life; acquisition of formal language in school age children; role of nature and nurture in language acquisition; emergent literacy which talks about reading skills in children through an understanding of language; adaptation of language in adulthood; and, adaptation of language in old age. The main source that I plan to use is Sigelman’s book titled “Life-Span Human Development (2011). The author has comprehensively discussed how language develops right from infancy. Bot and Schrauf (2009) have also discussed the development of language of the life span. Gullberg and Bot (2010) have discussed the importance of gestures in language development. All of these books will be highly useful
According to Kail & Cavanaugh (2010) it is the case that the life span perspective of development holds that ageing is simply a part of life and that there is an associated life-long process of development that begins with conception and ultimately ends with death.
It functions automatically. In contrast, the learned system is built via formal instruction, and involves conscious knowledge for the grammar rules. According to Krashen, these two systems operate independently, thus knowledge from one system cannot cross-over to the other.
His dad read: "The man named Lot was warned to take his wife and flee out of the city but his wife looked back and was turned to salt." Concerned, James asked: "What happened to the flea'"
Much as parents, teachers and other adults would enjoy children's innocent witticisms, psychologists and linguists study its form and meaning to contribute to the widening interest in language development research.
These two sub-disciplines reflect the core interests of the field in the mental representation and manipulation of linguistic knowledge, and in the acquisition of this knowledge. Since adults are largely thought to have acquired the linguistic facts of their language, the focus of adult psycholinguistic research has been on how they process language as they hear or use it.
Even before they turn one, babies are able to understand the meaning of words and by their first birthday, they begin to pronounce them in an effort to communicate to those around them. The starting point is usually simple words before they finally master the language to which they have been exposed, that is, their first language.
It also plays crucial role in promoting or enhancing the efficacy of teaching programmmes. Language acquisition does not require extensive use of conscious grammatical rules, and does not require tedious drill. Real language acquisition develops slowly, and speaking skills emerge significantly later than listening skills.
Hence, an understanding of second language acquisition can enhance the capability of mainstream teachers to provide objective education in culturally and linguistically diversified framework (Fillmore & Snow, 2000; Hamayan, 1990). Current studies encapsulating the theories of language acquisition have been developed through a thorough research in several interconnected fields such as linguistics, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and neurolinguistics (Freeman & Freeman, 2001).
Language acquisition in human beings is evident during infancy most probably at four months. At this time the babies start to discriminate speech sounds and uses babbling which commonly comes from their mothers. They use preverbal Communication which involves gestures and vocalization to make their intents known.
According to the report psycholinguist and developmental psychologist studies the acquisition of native languages. Although, there is no clear explanation of how infants learn to speak. Most explanation is based on the inference that infants have a natural tendency of understanding grammar and observation that infants simulate what they hear and learn from others.
2 pages (500 words)Essay
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This research topic encompasses many aspects of language development and acquisition. How a human being masters the use of language right from infancy till death will be discussed. Mastering the syntax, semantics and pragmatics of language is important to understand the rules of language and forming meaningful sentences. …