Second Language Acquisition has been defined as the process by which individuals acquires the skills of using another language, which may entail the speaking, writing or application skills of another language, other than that first language of the individual (Kramsch, 2)…
However, this argument has been disputed by another argument holding that acquiring second language skills is not difficult. Rather, it is the poor formulation of teaching curriculum and inappropriate design of instructional methods that create the perception that the acquisition of proficiency in second language for non-native learners is difficult (Rutherford, 47). Second Language Acquisition is akin to the process of children acquiring their speech, meaning that it requires meaningful interaction between the subject and the target language, most especially related to natural communication (Sanz, 14). My thesis, then, aims to argue that several factors affect the effective acquisition of a second language.
Just as the case is with children acquiring their early speech communication skills, Second Language Acquisition entails the speakers having little concern for the utterances, and more emphasis on the delivery of the intended messages, and how the message will be interpreted (Sanz, 21). In this respect, Second Language Acquisition mostly has to do with what the learners of the second language do in the process of acquiring the skills of communicating using the second language. Nevertheless, the manner in which the second language is taught to the learners has a great influence on how well the learners will understand and acquire the skills of a second language. Therefore, while teaching the second language, it is essential that the teacher adopts a holistic approach (Gruber-Miller, n.p.).
The learners of a second language have to go through different stages before they can eventually become proficient in the second language. The pre-production stage, also referred to as the silent stage refers to that initial stage of the second language acquisition, where the learners have a collection of words and perhaps several vocabularies, but they do not ...
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“Second Language Acquisition Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/humanitarian/775736-second-language-acquisition-essay.
She is trying to teach them vocabulary regarding food. She makes them look at the map and point out a place at the map. A child touch somewhere on the map and the slide moves on to the food specialty of that country. She targets at their imaginative skills by asking them to name the food they see on the screen.
Through recasts a teacher can correct a student who is making a mistaken in their oral utterances of the language (Niegorodcew). This makes recasts a very favorable method of teaching, not only because recasting is quick in its use but it also provides an ample display of the help that the student needs.
In the community, the individual who can talk using a second language usually gain more friends and have more affiliations.
But there are also some people who seem to patronise their own language so much that they refuse or find it hard to learn a second language.
Hence, an understanding of second language acquisition can enhance the capability of mainstream teachers to provide objective education in culturally and linguistically diversified framework (Fillmore & Snow, 2000; Hamayan, 1990). Current studies encapsulating the theories of language acquisition have been developed through a thorough research in several interconnected fields such as linguistics, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and neurolinguistics (Freeman & Freeman, 2001).
The researches and scientific studies had probed dimensions of learning a second language and its effectiveness. It also has been an interesting field to explore for linguists.
Many people contend with the stand that for the learning to be consummate, it had to be instructed the natural way; others dispute that the instruction of traditional methods in the classroom will provide a deeper understanding and comprehension of the language.
While the concept of a universal grammar is helpful in explaining the starting point of first language acquisition, the question now remains if it can also be applied to second language acquisition. This paper will explore how this theory benefits, if it indeed does, second language acquisition.
Aptitude also depends on our own learning style and our own ability to assess and quantify our progress. While aptitude is defined as being separate from intelligence it is extremely difficult to isolate for while a person may have aptitude in one subject, he/she may lack it in another. It is difficult to acquire a second language successfully if you lack any aptitude but it is not impossible.