Media economy and society Essay example
Journalism & Communication
Pages 12 (3012 words)
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Name of student: Course Title: Topic: Lecturer: Date of Presentation: Public Sphere The public sphere is an area in social life where individuals gather and discuss freely societal problems thus influencing political action (Hauser, 1998). It is based on the belief that the public sphere can steer political action hence legitimate the government and success depends on engagement of citizens in enlightened debate.


According to Habermas, during the feudal economic system, matters of concern were handled by the church and the state and private individuals remained dominant. However, industrialisation and transformation of the feudal economy brought about the emergence of bourgeoisies. These individuals were subordinates to the proletariat and ruling class and had no say in running of the government. Enlightenment brought about by availability of cultural products such as newspapers and journals. The public sphere was a regulatory institution against the authority of state and entailed discursive relations rather than market relations associated with an economic system. It thus entailed political participation through medium of talk such as the coffee houses, societies and salons. It was free of class or race divisions, the issues discussed were the common good of all. One may tend to think that since the public sphere entailed discussions by the bourgeoisies, the medial had no role to play. However, media in form of publications was very crucial in providing information that served as basis for the discussions and consequently political action (Hauser, 1998). ...
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