Juvenile justice

High school
Case Study
Pages 18 (4518 words)
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In 1993 the Criminal Code of United Kingdom changed. What was once known as the Juvenile Delinquents Act was over turned, and the Young Offenders Act (ACT OF 1993) took its place. The preceding Act was based on the notion that adolescent offenders were just miniature adults that were "slow" (Youth in Conflict with the Law, 2000) and could not form the intent (mens rea) to commit a crime.


Since psychologist say that the majority of intellectual growth takes place throughout adolescents, the ACT OF 1993helps establish the idea that incarceration may not be the best way to deter young adults from committing future crimes.
When studying the legislation which directs how young offenders should be treated, as this essay will do shortly, it is possible to detect certain trends. At some points the courts were directed to deal harshly with young offenders. Harsh treatment varies in severity, from hanging in the eighteenth century to the 'short, sharp, shock' of detention centres advocated more recently. A more humane approach is also detectable within the history of juvenile justice, whereby the correction or treatment of young offenders is directed away from the penal system and towards welfare experts. There is also some legislation which can be regarded as a reaction to a certain event, as has happened recently with regard to the treatment of young people who have committed very serious crimes but, although these examples are not very common, it provides concern as to how far policy is geared toward addressing issues. ...
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